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Issue 39 (1), 2015

Articles

BOWD Gavin, DUFFY Helena, MAZIARCZYK Anna: Introduction

Gavin Bowd
University of St Andrews, KY16 9PH, Ecosse Helena Duffy
Université de Wrocław,
Plac Biskupa Nankiera 4, Wrocław 50-140, Pologne
Anna Maziarczyk
Université Maria Curie-Skłodowska,
Pl. M. Curie-Skłodowskiej 5, 20-031 Lublin, Pologne

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Introdcution

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EL-AMRI, Ali: Apollinaire, quand la poésie inspire la guerre

EL-AMRI, Ali
Université Tunis El-Manar,
Cité Elmenzel, Bir Ali 3040, Sfax, Tunisie

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Apollinaire, quand la poésie inspire la guerre

For Apollinaire, poetry inspires war. Calligrammes, written at the very heart of the drama, involves a three-dimensional combat. His I acquires three representations that differ in status, process and the ideal defended. The first I is the empirical soldier fighting on behalf of his country in the real world. The second lyrical I is fictitious in order to fight for convulsive emotions made of dreams and frustrations. The third, creative, I of the poet defends an aesthetic that is necessary, in a pioneering spirit, to crystallize it in modern culture. In short, the creative warrior is transmuted into creating war.
Keywords: Great War, patriotism, pacifism, poetry, Apollinaire, I empirical, lyric, creative, combat, culture of modernity

BOWD Gavin: La Poésie des Ardennes occupées, 1914-1918

Gavin Bowd
University of St Andrews,
KY16 9PH, Ecosse

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La Poésie des Ardennes occupées, 1914-1918

The German occupation of France during the Great War has long been buried beneath the memory of the Occupation of 1940-1944. It is only very recently that it has begun to be studied seriously by historians: This article considers the role of poetry in the Ardennes, the only French département to be completely occupied for the entire duration of the conflict. Here we see how poetry, among other cultural forms, is instrumentalised by the German occupier, notably in its French language propaganda newspaper, La Gazette des Ardennes, in order to promote defeatism and collaboration. On the other hand, exiled to unoccupied France, the Ardennais poet Henri Dacremont produces a conventionally patriotic poetry tinged with regionalism. This « engagée » poetry contrasts with the more contemplative and melancholy verse of Marie-Louise Dromart, which will only published after the deliverance of her home region.
Keywords: Ardennes, occupation, poetry, propaganda

IGLESIAS PRUVOST Virginia: : En quête de résilience: l’écriture cathartique des anciens combattants

Virginia Iglesias Pruvost
Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres de Grenade,
Campus Universitario de Cartuja,
C.P. 18071 Granada, Espagne

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En quête de résilience: l’écriture cathartique des anciens combattants

The abundant literary production of the Great War is motivated by the vital need to recount the atrocities of the conflict. The survivors pay tribute to the companions fallen at the front and try to exorcize extremely painful feelings. These poignant pages take the opposite view of the deceitful déclarations of a depraved propaganda which encourages young people to join the army. The survivors of this massacre often suffered from shell shock, a pathology underestimated at the time: as a result, they were considered cowards and liars. In this article, we ask ourselves the following questions: is it possible to exorcize the apocalyptic memories of the trenches? How to survive having lived through such events?
Keywords: testimony, propaganda, catharsis, resilience, shell shock

FARIA Dominique: 14, de Jean Echenoz, un roman de guerre à l’épreuve du pathos

Dominique Faria
Université des Açores,
R. Mãe de Deus, Apartado 1422,
9501-855 Ponta Delgada, Portugal

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14, de Jean Echenoz, un roman de guerre à l’épreuve du pathos

14 is a recently published novel by a French contemporary writer, Jean Echenoz. Having the First World War as its core subject, the text covers the main traditional themes of war novels. Its interest, however, does not lie in what it says about the war, but rather in how the war is told. In fact, 14 points out the main horrors of the war, without engaging in pathos. In order to do so, Echenoz resorts to two groups of techniques, whose main purpose is to lighten the dramatic effect of the war scenes depicted. Surprisingly, the result is a text which recounts the crude horrors of war.
Keywords: Jean Echenoz, contemporary novel, war, French literature

BLETON Paul: La guerre telle qu’elle pourrait être

Paul Bleton
5800, rue Saint-Denis, bureau 1105,
Montréal (Québec) H2S 3L5, Canada

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La guerre telle qu’elle pourrait être

This paper intends to identify a representation of France at war related neither to gung-ho fiction nor to testimonial fiction in the French war novel of the first half of the 20th century. The vein of the War-as-itcould- be will be characterized by its historical span (dating back to before WW1 and lasting long after WW2), its generic forms (future wars, espionage, melodrama...) and its ideological ambivalence (secret concerns over the French soldier’s frailty and the Army’s ability to adequately defend the country).
Keywords: French war novel, 1900-1939, future wars, espionage, melodrama, ideological ambivalence.

BERNARD Amaury: Quand la « drôle de guerre » mobilise la Première Guerre mondiale : les représentations culturelles de 1914 – 1918 chez les combattants français de septembre 1939 à mai 1940

Amaury Bernard
Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense,
200, avenue de la République,
92001 Nanterre, France

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Quand la « drôle de guerre » mobilise la Première Guerre mondiale : les représentations culturelles de 1914 – 1918 chez les combattants français de septembre 1939 à mai 1940

The « drôle de guerre » (phoney war) that lasted from September 3rd, 1939 till May 10th, 1940 was a strange period during which both armies faced each other without fighting. Approaches to this period have not been renewed since 1990 and Jean-Louis Crémieux-Brilhac's study on the French people in 1940. The discovery of new sources in the Bibliothèque de Documentation Internationale et Contemporaine and the Service Historique de la Défense, of soldier newpapers, allows us to write a new historical study of the representations and the mentalities of French soldiers during World War Two. Representations of the First World War during the « drôle de guerre », through the legacy of the culture de guerre, modeled the thinking of soldiers and officers. The conduct of the war and the perception of the differents actors – fighters and civilians – were under that influence. Because of the absence of battle, the First World War's culture de guerre was used by government, propaganda departments and Supreme headquarters to mobilize the soldiers in a war that they did not understand. But if the First World War was omnipresent in the representations of war among French soldiers from September 1939 till May 1940, the reality of war was totally different. The gap between thinking and action finally led to strategic and military errors that ended with the French defeat in June 1940.
Keywords: Phoney war, World War II, World War I, soldier newspapers, culture of war

TAME Peter: Lieux de culture, lieux de conflit dans La Conquérante (1943) de Robert Brasillach

Peter Tame
Queen’s University Belfast
BT7 1NN, Northern Ireland

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Lieux de culture, lieux de conflit dans La Conquérante (1943) de Robert Brasillach

In 1943, Robert Brasillach wrote a novel entitled La Conquérante. It was intended to be a fictional eulogy of French colonial pioneers in Morocco in 1912. Given his commitment to Vichy’s wartime policy of collaboration, the novel turned out to be an epitaph for the loss of a significant part of the French Empire. This article proposes a taxonomy of places and spaces in the novel, together with an analysis of their function and how they interact with the characters. It introduces a new concept of isotopias, or fictional transformations of places in literature. It concludes that, although written in the ‘mode’ of possession, the novel proved paradoxically to be the swansong of a new and dispossessed mother-country.
Keywords: Collaboration, Colonialism, Conflict, Culture, Empire, Imaginary worlds, Literary isotopias, Novel, Occupation, Place(s), Possession

MODRZEJEWSKA Krystyna: Le sentiment de la culpabilité de survivre – deux images du théâtre français du XXe siècle

Krystyna Modrzejewska
Université d’Opole
Plac Mikołaja Kopernika 11a, Opole, Pologne

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Le sentiment de la culpabilité de survivre – deux images du théâtre français du XXe siècle

Two characters, Franz Gerlach in Jean-Paul Sartre’s The Condemned of Altona (Les sequestrés d’Altona, 1959) and Théo Steiner in Toujours l’orage (1997) by Enzo Cormann, are influenced by their traumatic experience of the war that makes them evade reality and leads them to self-exclusion. Talking to other people provokes questions concerning their identity, family, human development and destiny. Both of the characters are concerned by the feeling of guilt for being alive; this shows how sinuously destiny works in particularly difficult situations while one’s behaviour and actions, once they are recorded by one's conscience, do not let you live anymore because the responsibility becomes too heavy.
Keywords: war, guilt, 20th century French theatre, Sartre, Cormann

ALVES Ana Maria: Chroniques de guerre 1939-1945 : Exil, mémoire - la douleur du déracinement

Ana Maria Alves
Instituto Politécnico de Bragança -ESE –
Quinta de Santa Apolónia
5300-856 Bragança
CLLC –Centre de Recherche en Langues,
Littératures et Cultures de l’Université de Aveiro,
Portugal

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Chroniques de guerre 1939-1945 : Exil, mémoire - la douleur du déracinement

Memory, identity, commitment and treason are words at the heart of these reflections on exile as a consequence of the Second World War, a time when countless intellectuals and other personalities felt displaced, dislocated, uprooted and desperate. Revisiting the history of those dark years under the sign of exile is to bring back the perspectives of those who, having lost their identities, still exist as inconvenient witnesses to the period. Keywords: War, exile, intellectual, memory, pain, uprooting, identity, commitment, treason

MAZIARCZYK Anna: Raymond Federman et l’art d’exprimer l'indicible

Anna Maziarczyk
Université Maria Curie-Skłodowska,
Pl. M. Curie-Skłodowskiej 5, 20-031 Lublin, Pologne

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Raymond Federman et l’art d’exprimer l'indicible

The originality of Raymond Federman’s La Voix dans le Cabinet de Débarras resides in both its graphic form, close to some artistic projects, and its narrative content, which engenders and motivates the former, thus revealing the deep sense of literary devices, which only appear to be purely formal experiments. Exploring the trauma experienced during the Second World War, the text delves into the issue that the writer’s whole literary oeuvre obsessively returns to: the impotence of language in the face of a complex and dramatic reality. The aim of this article is to analyse the narrative mechanism, which rejects the conventional transmission of a story in favour of discursive strategies exploiting the materiality of text. The extensive semantic correlation of these two aspects creates a double drama, resulting from the actually experienced tragedy and an inability to verbalise it. Referring to the theory of an artistic text and philosophical reflections on the Holocaust, this article seeks to demonstrate that La Voix dans le Cabinet de Débarras embodies Federman’s search for new forms of expression of trauma in a literary text.
Keywords: Federman, war, Holocaust, experimentations, the unsayable

DUFFY Helena : On connaît la musique. La vie culturelle au temps du siège de Leningrad dans La Vie d’un homme inconnu d’Andreï Makine

Helena Duffy
Université de Wrocław,
Plac Biskupa Nankiera 4, Wrocław 50-140, Pologne

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On connaît la musique. La vie culturelle au temps du siège de Leningrad dans La Vie d’un homme inconnu d’Andreï Makine

The present article focuses on the representation of the cultural life during the siege of Leningrad (1941-1944) in Andreï Makine’s eleventh novel. Analysing the portrait of the blockade created by La Vie d’un homme inconnu (2009) in the light of historical works and personal writings, I demonstrate that despite its apparent wish to contest the official version of the blockade Makine ends up endorsing some of the myths established by Soviet propaganda. He thus emphasises the Leningraders’ heroism, altruism and high level of culture, representing the blokadniki as active defenders of the city rather than helpless victims of both the atrocious conditions imposed by the siege and Stalinist terror. Consequently, although the novel may seem to belong to the canon of historiographic metafiction which systematically questions official historiography and gives voice to those excluded from making and writing History, a careful reading of the Franco-Russian author’s eleventh work of fiction reveals its conservative — not to say reactionary — character, even if La Vie d’un homme inconnu may be challenging another dominant discourse regarding the Soviet Union’s role in World War II, namely that forged in the West.
Keywords: Andreï Makine, World War II, Great Patriotic War, Siege of Leningrad, music, postmodernism, historiographic metafiction

Reviewers

  • Gavin Bowd, University of St Andrews, Scotland
  • Manu Braganca, Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • Claire Gorrara, Cardiff University, United Kingdom
  • Krystyna Gabryjelska, University of Wrocław, Poland
  • Julie Hansen, Uppsala University, Sweden
  • Martin Hurcombe, Bristol, United Kingdom
  • Angela Kimyongür, University of Hull, United Kingdom
  • Krystyna Modrzejewska, Opole University, Poland
  • Alan Morris, University of Strathclyde, Scotland
  • Michał Piotr Mrozowicki, University of Gdańsk, Poland
  • Peter Tame, Queen’s University Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • Catherine du Toit, University of Stellenbosch, Republic of South Africa

Issue 38 (2), 2014

Articles

Literature

BALINT Anna: Récit comme négation du récit. Un procédé anti-narratologique d’Edmond Jabès

Anna Bálint
Eötvös Loránd University,
Budapest, Hungary

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Récit comme négation du récit. Un procédé anti-narratologique d’Edmond Jabès

The several boundlessly shattered pages of “Story” by Edmond Jabès introduce one of his most embittered ideas. It is namely the acknowledgement of the impossibility of writing „precisely” a story through the separation of a couple and the parceling of a landscape. Nevertheless, the author does not give way to a confused and gloomy poetry but by recognizing the incommunicable he contemplates and then perceives emptiness in order to exhibit it to us in the purest possible way. Over and above unlimited space, what will therefore be presented is the eternal departure.

EKOUNGOUN Jean-Francis: Noël X. Ebony par ses éditeurs : aspects du discours éditorial dans la genèse d’un poète de l’interculturalité

Jean-Francis Ekoungoun
Université Alassane Ouattara,
Bouaké, Côte d’Ivoire

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Noël X. Ebony par ses éditeurs: aspects du discours éditorial dans la genèse d’un poète de l’interculturalité

With his strong anti-academic attitude, Noël X. Ebony has been instrumental in development of committed poetry, the modernity of which initiates a rupture in the declamatory style of the Negritude. His simple and sharp texts could easily disturb constructively-thinking people. This paper seeks to understand the aesthetic originality of the poet from the perspective of the editorial metatext. Irrespective of the forms of epitext or peritext modeling, the editors’ comments constitute unique modes of representation of literary creation; the main objective of this article is to discuss them.

KAŁUŻA Magdalena: Образ колдуна Боровика в рассказе Русалка Ореста Сомова

Magdalena Kałuża
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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The image of Borovik the Sorcerer in the short story Water Nymph by Orest Somov

The article analyses the image of Borovik the Sorcerer (Боровик) in the short story Русалка (Water Nymph) (1829) by O. Somov from the perspective of the demonological discourse construed as the use of language, the means to communicate ideas and the interaction of individuals in the society in the Russian literature of the Romanticism in the context of Slavic national demonology. The author shows that the image of Somov’s sorcerer was constructed according to the criteria of the unique socio-cultural phenomenon – Russian sorcery (русскоe колдовствo). Particular attention was paid to Borovik’s external appearance, his behaviour towards, and interactions with other characters (Gorpinka the water nymph and her mother), his ways of building authority and the relationship of power that existed between him and the local community. In the overall context of Slavic folklore the author analyses also functions of animals that play the role of the sorcerer’s minions. In the final section the article points out the link of the analysed image with the Romantic preoccupation with the common people, as well as literary freneticism.

LEJRI Sélima: : “With mine own tears I wash away my balm”: The King’s two bodies in Shakespeare’s Richard II and King Lear.

Sélima Lejri
University of Tunis I,
Tunis, Tunisia

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“With mine own tears I wash away my balm”: The King’s two bodies in Shakespeare’s Richard II and King Lear.

The aim of this paper is to delineate the representation of kingship in Tudor and Stuart England and its articulation in Shakespeare’s political drama, through the examples of Richard II (1599) and King Lear (1606), two illustrative plays of the respective eras. Conceived of as two-bodied, the sovereign is, from early medieval times, positioned in an uneasy liminal state whereby his natural body is also the incarnation of the mystical concept of the ever-lasting Body politic. Anxieties over this seemingly unbreakable continuity of mystical kingship become nonetheless palpable as Queen Elizabeth I lies dying, leaving no heir to the throne of England. The first Stuart monarch hence reinforces the doctrine of The Divine Right of Kings by confidently advancing the unique precedence of godhead over manhood in the monarch. Set in this context, Shakespeare’s two political figures question the validity of the king’s impregnable nature as they grapple with their human condition exposed to all mortal ills. When Richard II’s “tears wash away (his) balm” and his meta-physiological body withal, Shakespeare exposes the frailties underneath the fiction of the monarch’s two-bodied nature parodied in King Lear as “every inch a king”.

MITERA Ewelina: Les femmes diaboliques de Barbey d’Aurevilly – esquisse du portrait physique et moral

Ewelina Mitera
University of Silesia,
Katowice, Poland

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Les femmes diaboliques de Barbey d’Aurevilly – esquisse du portrait physique et moral

The works of Barbey d’Aurevilly, evoking a devastating power incarnated in the female characters, plunge a reader in a world that is immoral and even sadistic. Thanks to the most subtle colours, the great artist creates a sequence of dark portraits representing both beautiful and devilish heroines; heroines with many faces who are frigid and dominant, invulnerable and revengeful. In d’Aurevilly’s works the females are depicted as both enchantresses full of Machiavellian cleverness and cynical and extremely intelligent plotters. They are true queens of Evil; proud and powerful they always have the last word.

SPANU Petruța: Les Chardons du Baragan de Panaït Istrati, un récit de la faim

Petruța Spânu
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University,
Iași, Romania

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Les Chardons du Baragan de Panaït Istrati, un récit de la faim

The novel The Thistles of the Baragan (1928), the most important in the oeuvre of Panaït Istrati (1884-1935), is not only an indictment against exploitation but also a story on hunger, inspired by the Romanian rural world of the early twentieth century, which summarizes adventures of the adolescent Matake. He will discover social inequality and poverty, and he will face both individual and collective death. He will see revolt everywhere and will be part of it. His long journey will last as long as his frustrated and traumatized childhood and will lead him to social meditation.

Linguistics

KOBENAN Kouakou Léon : La resémantisation contradictionnairique et ses implications dans Allah n’est pas obligé d’Ahmadou Kourouma

Kouakou Léon Kobenan
Université Alassane Ouattara de Bouaké,
Bouaké, République de Côte d’Ivoire

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La resémantisation contradictionnairique et ses implications dans Allah n’est pas obligé d’Ahmadou Kourouma

There are atypical semantic neologisms in Allah n’est pas obligé by Ahmadou Kourouma, an Ivorian novelist. It is characterized by a redefinition of lexical items, which greatly contrasts with definitions provided by dictionaries. After a discussion of this phenomenon, called resémantisation contradictionnairique, the article shows Kourouma’s clear intention to satirize African leaders and the French lexicographical institution, respectively accused of stirring up civil wars and giving partial and biased definitions.

MIERZWIŃSKA-HAJNOS Agnieszka: Shockvertising: Beyond Blunt Slogans and Drastic Images. A Conceptual Blending Analysis

Agnieszka Mierzwińska-Hajnos
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Shockvertising: Beyond Blunt Slogans and Drastic Images. A Conceptual Blending Analysis

The present paper discusses the application of Conceptual Blending Theory (henceforth: CBT) as proposed by Fauconnier and Turner (cf. Fauconnier and Turner 1998, 2002) to the analysis of shockvertising that appears in social campaigns. Assuming that the main objective of the so-called shockvertising is to startle the audience and thus draw their attention to the most burning social problems, usually overlooked when presented in the form of typical posters, CBT proves a successful tool in decoding messages comprised in such ads. Of particular importance is a conceptual blend which dynamically emerges as a result of various blending processes activated while decoding both visual and verbal components recalled in shock advertisements.

Foreign language teaching

SAOUSSANY Amina: Autour de l’écrit-client : analyse de lettres commerciales de vente par correspondance produites en milieu universitaire marocain

Amina Saoussany
Université Ibn Zohr,
École Nationale de Commerce et de Gestion
Agadir, Maroc

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Autour de l’écrit-client : analyse de lettres commerciales de vente par correspondance produites en milieu universitaire marocain

The mail order business letter has a dual purpose for the company: it arouses the customer’s ordering act and builds a long term customer-relationship. This relationship is directly built on supply and is considered as a natural and legitimate action on the part of the company. Writing a mail order business letter is not done without difficulty by the students of the Agadir National School of Commerce and Management (ENCGA). Indeed, we have noticed that despite the measures undertaken and the efforts of teachers to develop argumentative skills of learners in business French, many of them find it challenging to produce consistent and structured argumentative business letters. What are then the difficulties encountered by students during their training in economics in ENCGA in the production of professional business writings? How can we analyze their productions? How successful is argumentative competence in the French specialty? These are the questions that we have attempted to answer in this article.

List of reviewers

Issue 38 (1), 2014

Articles

Literature

LARANGÉ Daniel S.: DU NATURALISME PIÉTISTE À L’EXPRESSIONNISME MYSTIQUE STRINDBERG D’AUGUST:

LARANGÉ Daniel S.
Åbo Akademi,
Turku, Finland

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Du naturalisme piétiste à l’expressionnisme mystique d’August Strindberg

August Strindberg considers the arts complementary to science and religion. During his lifetime he runs along the paths which separate atheistic naturalism from mystical expressionism. Paradoxes which raised his own temperament led him to see art as a bridge between science and consciousness. The principle of analogy he uses as the key to the world allows him to conceive chance as a necessary condition for an artistic work that goes straight into the depths of reality, into the heart of the matter, where energy shapes the essence of the spirituality.

LEDWINA Anna: LE DIALOGUE DE LA MUSIQUE ET DE LA LANGUE DANS « MODERATO CANTABILE » DE DURAS MARGUERITE:

LEDWINA Anna
Opole University,
Opole, Poland

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Music in Duras’s works – analysed primarily in terms of intertextuality – is an element that creates the structure and sets the pace of the text. It provides an excuse to present feelings and thoughts of the characters, their hidden desires and yearnings. Music soothes the pain of parting, lets listeners forget about their problems, and brings forward true passions that cannot be put into words.
Duras’s fondness of music is manifested by her attitude to reality and her vision of love. A piece of music with its depth and richness in a way reflects the inner self of the author.

LIS Jerzy: POUR UNE BIOGRAPHIE IMAGINAIRE RIMBAUD D’ARTHUR:

LIS Jerzy
Adam Mickiewicz University,
Poznań, Poland

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Arthur Rimbaud’s animated and enigmatic life has never stopped intriguing the later generations. The unsatiated curiosity about the details of his past as a poet and adventurer is at the origin of the creation of the texts that exploit some known, often stereotyped, biographical elements, or use as the basic argument such or another fragment of the biography to change its meaning or to immortalize a myth which is forming from one generation to another. The idea is to demonstrate that the attempts to reconstruct Rimbaud’s biography often go through the fascination of the mystery, the hidden, the original or the unspeakable to offer to the reader a second life of the poet, more attractive and richer in interpretations. The imaginary biography, be it partial or complete, allows the author to pass on the essential element of his biographical query, to update the myth of the poet and, finally, to speak about himself.

FETZER Glenn: INTERROGER LA LANGUE, DEPISTER LA MALADIE ECRITURE ET MEDECINE CHEZ GASPAR LORAND:

FETZER Glenn
New Mexico State University,
Las USA Cruces,

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Poet-medical doctor Lorand Gaspar cares about the good functioning of an organism, and language―an organism in its own right―lends itself to a process of investigation, much the same as does a diagnosis. It is in the poem “Clinique” (from Égée Judée, 1980) that the poet, while combing through the history of medicine, succeeds in uncovering procedures, impulses, and manners of expression that make clearer the links between the act of diagnosing and that of writing. For both activities, returning to the sources proves to be of utmost importance.

KUCA Zoja: БИБЛЕЙСКИЙ КОНТЕКСТ В ТЕТРАЛОГИИ БОРИСА ЗАЙЦЕВА ГЛЕБА ПУТЕШЕСТВИЕ:

KUCA Zoja
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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In the analysis of last Zaytsev's work, tetralogy Gleb' Journey, the way to sanctity is shown as a gradual development of the character's spirituality and piety from sacred perception of beauty as a reflection of God, through which God reveals himself, through reaching to spiritual love liberating from the material corporeality, to freedom/liberation through work as the individual's fulfilment of a given religious objective.
Based on the analysis of the biblical meaning of "tree of life," the author attempted to interpret Zaytsev's aesthetic intention of entitling the last part of his tetralogy Tree of Life. As a result, the concept of "tree of life" in Gleb's Journey is shown at several planes first, as a branch of the general existence and continuation of the human race; second, as a metaphor for the spiritual development of the protagonist; and third, as a symbol of lost pre-revolutionary Russia.

BERREZOUG Hanaà: THE WILL AND THE WHALE GLORY AND THE HORIZON OF DEFIANCE IN HERMAN MELVILLE’S DICK MOBY:

Dr Moulay Tahar University
Saida, Algeria

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This article proposes a reading of Man’s challenge to nature’s grandeur. It is furthermore designed to delineate the insatiable desire of the American man to attain glory at all costs. As the title suggests, I shall try to highlight the horizon of defiance to nature’s rules through the American classic Moby Dick (1851). In sum, I shall be discussing the American man’s penchant for defying failure throughout Ahab, the vengeful character who is in the tradition of the evil man of fiction who strives to annihilate “evil” with evil. By so doing, I will shed light on how Ahab’s will cannot surpass Nature’s will and how this engages Ahab in a Schopenhaueran pessimistic disappointment.

MAZIARCZYK Grzegorz: SKAZ RULZ (RE-)ORALISATION OF CONTEMPORARY FICTION BRITISH:

MAZIARCZYK Grzegorz
John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin
Lublin, Poland

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Taking as its starting point the Russian Formalist concept of skaz, this paper discusses a number of contemporary British novels in which the illusion of spontaneous speech is created. It analyses basic textual signals of the skaz the narrator’s idiosyncratic style, frequent addresses to the “you” of the addressee and a highly digressive narrative structure. The skaz mode proves to be a narrative strategy which cannot be associated with a particular literary convention its popularity should rather be related to the tendencies in contemporary culture indicative of its general re-oralisation.

WÓJCIK Marta: "THE STILLNESS IS THE TIME BEFORE THE CHANGE" – CELEBRATING THE CANADIAN NORTH AND NORTHERN ENVIRONMENT IN ELIZABETH HAY'S LATE NIGHTS AIR ON:

WÓJCIK Marta
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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A great deal of Elizabeth Hay's novel entitled Late Nights on Air takes place in Yellowknife, a town in the Northwest Territories of Canada, situated on the edge of the Arctic Circle. In 1974 Judge Thomas Berger came there to hold an inquiry concerning the environmental implications of the proposed gas pipeline. Although Berger is not a protagonist of the story, his inquiry becomes one of its focal points. This article addresses the book's portrayal of the Canadian North and Northern environment. It focuses on the North as one of the protagonists, which becomes increasingly endangered by economic development.

Linguistics

Ewa ŻMUDZIN-ZIELINSKA: TRANSLATING CONVERSATIONAL HUMOUR. THE CASE STUDY HOUSE OF: M.D.

ŻMUDZIN-ZIELIŃSKA Ewa
Jagiellonian University,
Cracow, Poland

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Translating conversational humour.
The case study of House M.D.

Translating humour has traditionally been considered to be a problematic area for translators. This topic becomes even thornier when examined in the context of audiovisual translation, mainly because of the technical constraints imposed by this type of translation. This article presents the results of an analysis which was focused on the material from the TV series House M.D. and compared the source text in English with the Spanish dubbed version and Polish voice-over version. The article presents the identified strategies of translating conversational humour in audiovisual context. Its main objective was not to demonstrate superiority of the applied audiovisual mode over the other one but to expose the differences between two target versions.

Philippe HUMBLÉ, SEPP Arvi: DISLOCATION LINGUISTIQUE ET CULTURELLE DANS YOKO TAWADA ET MIZUBAYASHI AKIRA:

HUMBLÉ Philippe
Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium

SEPP Arvi
Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Universiteit Antwerpen, Belgium

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Dislocation linguistique et culturelle dans Yoko Tawada et Akira Mizubayashi

This paper sets out to study the representation of heteroglossia in Yoko Tawada’s Überseezungen (2002) and Akira Mizubayashi’s Une langue venue d’ailleurs (2011). We specifically analysed the complex images that show the interaction of global and local forces in Tawada’s Japanese-German and Mizubayashi’s Japanese-French writings. Taking as a starting point their own transcultural "spaces", shaped by multiple connections and allegiances, these two Japanese authors reinvent the multilingual space they inhabit, while giving it a deeply personal meaning, coloured by various cultural currents, which are the result of their own multicultural experience. All this is inextricably connected with a search for a new identity, which is very different in each case. Whereas Tawada maintains her distances from the language and the culture of her new German homeland, Mizubayashi has a tendency to absorb completely the linguistic characteristics of his French hosts, while remaining critical of some of their cultural traits.

Foreign language teaching

KRZEMIŃSKA-ADAMEK Małgorzata WORD ASSOCIATION PATTERNS IN A SECOND/FOREIGN LANGUAGE – WHAT DO THEY TELL US ABOUT THE L2 LEXICON? MENTAL:

KRZEMIŃSKA-ADAMEK Małgorzata
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Word association patterns in a second/foreign language – what do they tell us about the L2 mental lexicon?

The aim of the article is to review the findings of research into patterns of word associations in both first and second language and discuss its relevance for the understanding of L2 lexical processes. Word association studies have been used widely in areas such as psychology and first language acquisition and have resulted in detailed descriptions of word association behaviour of speakers at different ages and stages of language development. As far as research into L2 word associations is concerned, it concentrated predominantly on the differences between native and non-native association patterns, types of links between words in the L2 mental lexicon as well as the influence of general language proficiency on word association behaviour.

MUCHA Agnieszka AUSGEWÄHLTE ASPEKTE INTERKULTURELL BEDINGTER MISSVERSTÄNDNISSE – IMPLIKATIONEN FÜR DAS FREMDSPRACHENLEHREN -LERNEN UND:

MUCHA Agnieszka
The State School of Higher Education
Sandomierz, Poland

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Ausgewählte Aspekte interkulturell bedingter Missverständnisse – Implikationen für das Fremdsprachenlehren und -lernen

The aim of the article is to signal to the reader the great importance of intercultural teaching as well as intercultural competence in the era of globalization and Europeanization, where contacts among representatives of various cultural circles are commonplace. In that context special attention has been drawn to the presentation of diverse causes of misunderstandings in intercultural communication derived from cultural differences. Strongly determined cultural semantics, body language and taboo subjects (specific to a given culture) were discussed in greater detail. Subsequently “the rules” have been formed on that basis. With regard to dialectics “what is mine and what is foreign” as well as the necessity of so called cultural transfer in the frames of teaching a foreign language, those rules should be taken into account during lessons and therefore make students more sensitive to aspects which could promote misunderstandings in intercultural contacts.

Culture studies

ZAMKOWSKA Iwona: The New Consensus Movement and its role in overcoming the controversy and conflict over the place of religion in the U.S. system educational:

ZAMKOWSKA Iwona
The Kazimierz Pulaski University of Technology and Humanities,
Radom, Poland

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The New Consensus Movement and Its Role in Overcoming the Controversy and Conflict over the Place of Religion in the U.S. Educational System

Religion-related controversies have a long history in American public education. In the 1980s the debate was dominated by a growing concern over the failure to address the issue of religion in the educational system. This motivated a number of political and religious bodies to convene to reach a consensus on the most fundamental issues concerning the place of religion in public schools. The result was the so called New Consensus on teaching about religion and religious liberty. The article presents the background of the movement, its provisions and impact on religious liberty in the US public educatio

Reviews

WIECZERNIAK JOANNA Wioleta: ŁAWNIKOWSKA-KOPER (HG.)- CHRISTA WOLFS ŒUVRE. RÜCKBLICK, EINBLICK, AUSBLICK CZĘSTOCHOWA AKADEMIA IM. DŁUGOSZA, JANA: 2013, 193 S.

WIECZERNIAK Wioleta
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Review of Joanna Ławnikowska-Koper (Hg.)- Christa Wolfs Œuvre. Rückblick, Einblick, Ausblick Częstochowa Akademia Im. Jana Długosza, 2013, 193 S.

List of reviewers

Issue 37, 2013

Articles

Linguistics

IWASZKO Ida: Les expressions issues de la mythologie grecque

Ida Iwaszko
Université Montpellier 2,
Montpellier, France

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Expressions derived from Greek mythology

The antic heritage is alive and well according to the existence of the numerous linguistic expressions linked with mythology, especially the objects. For example, there are : ‘Pandora’s box’, «’Trojan horse’, etc. These expressions exist in French, but also in other European languages. After having made an inventory of these locutions in French, I explain the myth from which the locution is derived. Then, I indicate the equivalent expressions in other European languages : Polish, English, German and Italian. Finally, I show the common formulations, compare meanings and usages, and point evolutions and differences of significations regarding to the original myth.

MIŁOSZ Karolina: Sprachpolitik in Polen und Deutschland im Vergleich zu Frankreich

Karolina Miłosz
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Language policy in Poland and Germany in comparison with France The present paper presents a comparative analysis of language policy (domestic language policy), as opposed to language politics, in Germany and Poland. The aims of language planning in the two countries will be discussed and the bodies responsible for their fulfillment indicated. Different styles of language policy stem from different historical backgrounds of the states being compared. France, where protection and concern for language are considered as an obligation of the state, serves as a counterexample. French bon usage is legally protected and the language institution of major importance is the Académie Française.

YENNAH Robert: Voltaire et la traduction : tuer, énerver ou vivifier le sens du mot, de la phrase et du texte

Robert Yennah
University of Ghana
Accra, Ghana

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Voltaire on translation: misrepresenting, mollifying or meliorating the meaning of a word, sentence and text This paper demonstrates how Voltaire proposes a philosophy of bad, mediocre or good translations. It explains and deepens Voltaire’s rather obscure statement in his Lettres Philosophiques which places the quality of translation at three levels: a bad translation which kills or mutilates the meaning of the word, sentence or text, a mediocre one which mollifies it, and a good one which, by capturing the underlying spirit of the discourse, meliorates and gives it energy. This paper points to the translator’s responsibility not to massacre or weaken the text but rather put life into it while remaining faithful.

Literary studies

BARRAUD Cécile: La critique des institutions littéraires dans les petites revues fin de siècle

Cécile Barraud
Carlos III University,
Madrid, Spain

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The criticism of literary institutions in petites revues of the fin de siècle period

The so-called «petites revues» are the medium where a battle against the legitimation structures of the intellectual field is fought. The criticism of the official institutions, based on their rejection, allows these reviews to take part in the social space and to assert an identity: the forms they assume and the critical discourses they adopt are the root cause of a desecration and a reorganization of the literary field. In this paper, using the example of three contemporary «petites revues», the Revue Blanche, the Ermitage and the Mercure de France, we have tried to highlight the strategies these publications adopt in order to force a restructuring of the intellectual space of their time.

HORÁNYI Lilla: Les romans exotiques de Georges Simenon et le genre policier

Lilla Horányi
Eötvös Loránd University
Budapest, Hungary

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Exotic novels by Georges Simenon and detective fiction

Best known for his Maigret series, Georges Simenon is generally considered a detective fiction author. The aim of this paper is to examine the relationship between his exotic novels and detective genre. In order to do so, we refer to the definition of detective fiction proposed by Marc Lits. Through the analysis of nine exotic novels of Simenon, published between 1999 and 2012, in collections dedicated to the detective genre, we show that, in spite of the presence of some elements of detective stories, these works cannot be classified as detective fiction.

MICHALSKI Przemysław: A Brief Comment on Intertextuality in Two Poems by Ronald Stuart Thomas

Przemysław Michalski
Pedagogical University in Cracow
Poland

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A Brief Comment on Intertextuality in Two Poems by Ronald Stuart Thomas

The objective of this essay is to analyse two intriguing examples of intertextuality in the poetry of the Welsh priest-poet R. S. Thomas. The first of these examines his “rewritten” version of Wallace Stevens’s famous poem “Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird,” which provides Thomas with an opportunity to vent his misanthropy, while the other poem is related both to Philip Larkin’s poem of the same title, and to the whole genre of “song of dawn.” Both demonstrate how Thomas draws on the original texts, while suffusing it with his own technical and thematic idiosyncrasies.

PALLAI Károly Sándor: Corporéité, histoire et mémoire dans la littérature polynésienne contemporaine

Károly Sándor Pallai
Eötvös Loránd University
Budapest, Hungary

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Corporeity, history and memory in the contemporary writing of Polynesia

The article offers multiple psycho-philosophical interpretations of corporeity, history, memory, and their role in different discursive forms used in the contemporary writing of French Polynesia. Rewriting and reinterpretation of the heritage and the language as well as psychic influences of thermonuclear experiments take place in texts. Critical readings develop through analysis of subjectivity, self-awareness, individual and collective self-reference, and through study of diversity and plurality manifested in the dynamics of culture and identity.

Foreign language teaching

KALNBEZINA Vita, RUTENBERGA Rutenberga: Syntactic indicators of language acquisition levels in English and French written language learner corpora

Vita Kalnberzina, Vineta Rutenberga
University of Latvia,
Riga, Latvia

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Syntactic indicators of language acquisition levels in English and French written language learner corpora

The aim of the study is firstly, to examine the syntactic patterns of use of simple, complex and compound sentences in written learner corpora at different French and English language acquisition levels in texts produced by the secondary school test-takers in Latvia, and secondly, to examine the potential of learner corpora in test level validation. The main findings are that the English and French corpora display similar syntactic patterns, thereby providing evidence of the English and French language test level comparability.

SADOWNIK Barbara: „Homo neurobiologicus“: Die neurowissenschaftlichen Erklärungsversuche des Gehirn-Geist-Problems und ihre methodischen Konsequenzen für die Glottodidaktik

Barbara Sadownik
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
Lublin, Poland

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Homo neurobiologicus. The significance of neuroscience in foreign language didactics – perspectives and limitations

The present article aims at answering the question to what extent the picture of man portrayed by contemporary neurobiological sciences is relevant for the anthropocentric orientation of foreign language didactics. It also strives to outline both research perspectives and limitations arising from the adoption of the vision of ‘homo neurobiologicus’, in other words, the perspectives and limitations of the materialistic-reductionist view on man. The paper focuses on the philosophical and scientific views on the psychophysical issue, as put forward both in the past and in the present. These include, among others, changes implied by the most recent discoveries of neurobiological sciences.

The author stresses the fact that science does not manage to give ultimate answers to the fundamental issue of the relationship between mind and brain. Thus, while adopting the perspective of foreign language didactics, it is recommended to maintain some kind of critical distance towards new discoveries of neurobiological sciences, even though they can contribute to the redefinition of the current views on the picture of man in foreign language didactics.

Culture studies

MAJKA Wojciech: Representations of Rationality and Morality in the Judaic Tradition

Wojciech Majka
Pedagogical University in Cracow
Poland

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Representations of Rationality and Morality in the Judaic Tradition

Just as God unconceals himself to human beings through the medium of morality and rationality, human beings unconceal themselves to the world in the same way, i.e. as rational and moral beings. This is why human beings appear to be beings that are supposedly superior to other earthly existents, since they are detached from them by the fact that they are rational and moral, where the latter is a quality that gives the former a certain sense of direction. In other words, morality anticipates rationality which brings us very close to the views of Levinas, whose philosophy is built on the foundation that ethics serves as the soil of metaphysics. Nevertheless, both morality and rationality help the self to overcome the gap separating it from other existents, yet it is morality that functions as the self’s primordial condition.

Reviews

MIŁOSZ Karolina: Andrea Bogner et al. - Jahrbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache – Intercultural German Studies vol. 37, München 2011: iudicium, 399 S.

Karolina Miłosz
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Review of Andrea Bogner et al. - Jahrbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache – Intercultural German Studies vol. 37, München 2011: iudicium, 399 S.

List of reviewers

Issue 36, 2012

Articles

Linguistics

JĘDRZEJOWSKI Marek: Der, die oder das? Zum Genusproblem bei Kurzwörtern

Marek Jędrzejowski M.A.
Institute of German Studies and Applied Linguistics
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
Pl. Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej 4a
20-031 Lublin
marek.jedrzejowski@poczta.umcs.lublin.pl

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Die Kurzwörter bereichern den Wortschatz einer Sprache und sind schon zu einer etablierten Erscheinung geworden. Sie werden dekliniert, sind sehr kompositionsaktiv, bilden den Plural und sind darüber hinaus polyfunktional angelegt. Im vorliegenden Beitrag wird das Problem der Genuszuweisung im Deutschen für Kurzwörter, denen fremdsprachige Vollformen zugrunde liegen, in Augenschein genommen. Die grundsätzliche Frage betrifft das Verhältnis des Genus eines Kurzwortes zum Genus seiner Vollform. Anders gesagt geht es hierbei darum, ob ein Kurzwort samt Genus entlehnt wird, oder ob das Genus dem Kurzwort im Prozess der Translation ins Deutsche zugewiesen wird. Darüber hinaus wird der Frage nachgegangen, welcher Weg gewählt werden soll, um eine vollkommene Beliebigkeit beim Genusgebrauch bei Kurzwörtern mit fremdsprachigen Vollformen zu vermeiden. Somit zielt der Aufsatz auf die Lösung eines wesentlichen Problems und greift ein Thema auf, das bislang weitestgehend vernachlässigt wurde.

Abbreviations enrich the vocabulary of languages in general and can be considered an established phenomenon. They decline, undergo composition and form plural. Furthermore, they fulfill many particular functions in language. The present paper deals with the gender of German abbreviations borrowed from other languages. In particular, the author analyses the relation between the gender of an abbreviation and the gender of its full form in an attempt to answer the question if an abbreviation is borrowed with its gender or if the gender is allotted to a given abbreviation in the process of its translation into German. The paper also discusses which method should be chosen to avoid complete arbitrariness in the use of the gender of such abbreviations. Thus, the present paper focuses on an important issue that in contemporary linguistics still awaits a comprehensive treatment.

KUŁACZ Sławomir: Conceptualization of selected army ranks in English, German, Polish and Czech

Sławomir Kułacz
The University of Gdańsk
mailto: slawomir.kulacz@gmail.com

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The present paper is a modest attempt at describing the conceptual basis and mechanisms of motivation traceable in selected army ranks in English, German, Polish and Czech. The linguistic development of army ranks provides an interesting insight into how the army organization and the relationships between army personnel (i.e. hierarchy) are conceptualized.

SCHWENK Hans-Jörg: Die Vergangenheitstempora im Deutschen und ihr semantisches Potential

Hans-Jörg Schwenk
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
Lublin, Poland

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Die Vergangenheitstempora im Deutschen und ihr semantisches Potential Past tense forms in German and their semantic potential The present article deals with the semantics of tense forms of Präteritum and Perfectum in German. The author questions all the widely known theories on the meaning of Präteritum and Perfectum, demonstrating that, on the one hand, the complex past tense (Perfectum) does not always express both temporality and aspectuality (perfectivity), but also only temporality itself. On the other hand, the simple past tense (Präteritum) always contains both temporality and aspectuality, except for lexically-conditioned cases.

WIECZERNIAK Wioleta: Zeit und Tempus

Wioleta Wieczerniak
Institute of German and Applied Linguistics,
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Lublin, Poland
mail wjola13@poczta.onet.pl

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The aim of this article is to present the phenomena of time and tense which are strictly connected with each other and in some European languages are used synonymously. However, the German language makes a clear distinction between them. The lack of accordance between a tense’s name and its function often results in the fact that one tense expresses not only the present, but also the past or even the future, like the German tense Präsens. Lexical figures articulating temporal relations and Modalfaktor indicating the likeliness of a sentence’s content should be taken into consideration by temporal interpretation of a statement.

Ziel des vorliegenden Artikels ist die Phänomene Zeit und Tempus zu präsentieren und zu besprechen. Beide Begriffe sind streng miteinander verbunden. In manchen europäischen Sprachen werden Zeit und Tempus als synonymisch betrachtet. Die deutsche Sprache zeigt eine Unterscheidung zwischen beiden Begriffen auf. Die Schwierigkeiten bereitet der Mangel an der Gleichrangigkeit zwischen einer Tempusbennenung und seiner Funktion. Ein entsprechendes Beispiel ist das Tempus Präsens, das drei Ebene, nämlich Gegenwart, Vergangenheit und Zukunft, zum Ausdruck bringt. Bei einer temporalen Interpretation eines Satzes sind auch lexikalische Mittel, die Zeitinhalte ausdrücken und Modalfaktor, von Bedeutung.

ŻYŚKO Konrad, RUSINEK Angelina: Is Chinese Mandarin Becoming a Global Lingua Franca?

Konrad Żyśko, Angelina Rusinek
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
Lublin, Poland

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The study attempts to determine if Chinese Mandarin has the potential to become a new lingua franca. Both arguments for and against are presented, taking into account a wide set of linguistic, social, demographic, political, and economic factors behind the popularity of Chinese Mandarin. The study will prove especially useful for anyone dealing with sociolinguistics, globalization and the linguistic trends in the contemporary world.

Foreign Language Teaching

MUCHA Agnieszka: Zur didaktischen Konzeption von Stufen 3, Moment mal 2 und Mittelpunkt B2, C1 im Lichte der universalistischen und relativistischen Theorien

Agnieszka Mucha
The State School of Higher Education
Sandomierz, Poland
mail: e-mail: a.mucha@onet.pl

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The essence of the presented article is the analysis of four textbooks for teaching the German language which looks into typical elements of German culture as well as cultural universals. The analysis of the following textbooks: Stufen 3, Moment Mal 2, Mittelpunkt B2 and Mittelpunkt C1 has indicated that older ones (more than 10 years older) devoted more attention to typical German culture phenomena and culturally conditioned Polish-German differences than the most recent textbooks where universal areas of reality have been accepted, e.g. travelling, professional life, means of payment, environmental protection. Moreover, new phenomena such as globalization, internationalization, cloning and genetically modified food were mentioned in the textbooks published in 2008.

Den inhaltlichen Schwerpunkt des vorliegenden Artikels bildet eine Lehrwerkanalyse, deren Ziel ist es, die Frage zu beantworten, in wie weit kulturbedingte Erscheinungsformen der deutschen Realität in behandelten Lehrwerken explizit berücksichtigt werden (Schwerpunkt: Betonung von kulturellen Unterschieden) und zum anderen in welchem Maβe sich die behandelten Lehrwerke an universalistischen Standpunkten orientieren (Hervorhebung der Universalien statt Differenzen zwischen der deutschen und polnischen Kultur). Die Analyse machte deutlich, dass die 2008 erschienenen Lehrwerke vorwiegend auf das Universelle sowie ziemlich neue Phänomene wie Globalisierung, Internationalisierung, Genfood fokussieren. In älteren Lehrwerken hingegen lässt sich, neben der Berücksichtigung universeller menschlicher Daseinsbereiche, ein starker Bezug auf einzelkulturspezifische Realitätsbereiche und kulturelle Differenzen feststellen.

Reviews

JAKOSZ Mariusz: Renata Czaplikowska, Artur Dariusz Kubacki: Grundlagen der Fremdsprachendidaktik.Unterrichtsbuch. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Krakowskie

Mariusz Jakosz
University of Silesia,
Katowice, Poland
e-mail: mariuszjakosz@interia.pl

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The review of the book by Czaplikowska, Renata and Kubacki, Artur Dariusz (2010): Grundlagen der Fremdsprachendidaktik. Unterrichtsbuch. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Krakowskie, 120 S.

List of reviewers

Issue 35, 2011

Articles

Literature

MAŚLANKA Łukasz: Le voyage italien en tant que prétexte de réflexion sur la religion catholique. Cas de Chateaubriand

Łukasz Maślanka
Catholic University of Lublin Poland

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This paper is a part of a major dissertation regarding the analysis of the political and ideological discourse in the italian journey descriptions by two big personalities of the french romanticism: François-René de Chateaubriand and Henri Beyle (Stendhal). The aim of this article ist to reveal the Chateaubriand´s arguments in favor of the catholicism and of the pope´s power. We try to rediscover his vision of the Church and the meaning he give to it in the public life. We would like also to emphasize the importance of the liberty, typical of this writer.

L´article fait partie d´un travail plus vaste, consistant à retrouver l´argumentation politique et idéologique dans les récits du voyage italien faits par les deux grands personnages du romantisme littéraire français : François-René de Chateaubriand et Henri Beyle (Stendhal). Le but de ce texte consiste à indiquer les fragments qui semblent les plus significatifs à l´argumentation du premier de ces écrivains en faveur de la religion catholique et du pouvoir du pape. Nous essayons de restituer sa vision de l´Eglise ainsi que le rôle qu´il lui attribue dans la vie publique. Nous voudrons également souligner l´importance de la liberté, typique pour l´oeuvre de cette sensibilité.

WERMAN Anna: La Dialéctica Entre La Vida Y La Forma En Las Obras De Federico García Lorca: El Público Y La Casa De Bernarda Alba

Linguistics

AUGUSTYN Rafał, GNIECKA Agata: Irony behind diminutives: a cognitive linguistic analysis of popular technical terms

Rafał Augustyn
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Lublin, Poland
E-mail: augustyn.rafal@gmail.com
Agata Gniecka
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Lublin, Poland
E-mail: agatagniecka@gmail.com

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Based on a study of English popular technical terms the article claims that in order to properly account for the ironic use of diminutives, one has to assume a cognitive view of meaning. Following Fauconnier and Turner’s (2002) Conceptual Integration Theory and Langacker’s (2008) notion of Current Discourse Space, we suggest that the ironic meanings of the stemaffix combinations involving diminutives should be seen as instances of conceptual blending that are determined by the context in which such formations occur, including the speakerhearer interaction in the specific context of a given usage event within the current discourse space.

MIZAK Marcin: Sign Language – A Real and Natural Language

Marcin Mizak
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
Lublin, Poland

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We sometimes hear opinions that sign language is not a real or a natural language like English or Polish. In this paper, the views that sign language is not a real or a natural language are considered to be mistaken. The aim of this article, therefore, is to provide evidence in support of the thesis that sign language is as real and as natural a language as spoken languages, such as English or Polish.

SCHWENK Hans-Jörg: Grammatische Aspektsemantik: Aspektualität im Slavischen (am Beispiel des Polnischen)

Hans-Jörg Schwenk
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University Lublin, Poland

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Grammatische Aspektsemantik: Aspektualität im Slavischen (am Beispiel des Polnischen) Grammatical semantics of aspect: aspectuality in Slavic languages (as exemplified by Polish)

The present paper deals with verbal aspect in Polish and its grammatical semantics. It is assumed that aspect in Slavic languages in general and in Polish in particular is a twodimensional category – grammatical and lexical. Moreover, as regards meaning both grammatical and lexical aspectuality can be distinguished. In the grammatical sphere of the semantics of aspect we indicate some terminological deficits in that the grammatical aspectuality is not limited only to imperfectivity and perfectivity but it also encompasses its aoristic nature. Thus, we propose to call the imperfective aspect the procesual aspect, while the perfective aspect – non-procesual aspect. This is because non-procesuality implies both perfectivity and aoristic nature.

ŻYŚKO Konrad: Polish translation of wordplay based on homonyms in Automated Alice by Jeff Noon

Konrad Żyśko, Angelina Rusinek
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
Lublin, Poland

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The study attempts to determine if Chinese Mandarin has the potential to become a new lingua franca. Both arguments for and against are presented, taking into account a wide set of linguistic, social, demographic, political, and economic factors behind the popularity of Chinese Mandarin.

The study will prove especially useful for anyone dealing with sociolinguistics, globalization and the linguistic trends in the contemporary world.

Foreign Language Teaching

MACHOWICZ Iwona: Schreiberfahrungen aus dem schulischen DaF-Unterricht. Ergebnisse einer empirischen Untersuchung

Iwona Machowicz
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
Lublin, Poland

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Due to the complexity of writing, the development of writing skill is undoubtedly one of the most difficult tasks for the learners of the foreign language. For this reason, there are attempts which aim at making the writing learning more enjoyable and the writing process less stressful for the learners. One should take into consideration the reflection at various stages of the writing process according to the notion of the learner autonomy which is repeatedly emphasized in recent years. In the article following problems will be dealt with: to what extent are learners informed about the features connected with the writing process (not only with the linguistic features) during the writing teaching in the school lessons and to what extent are the findings of science and didactics taken into account during the writing teaching. There are selected results of the study presented. The study took place in October 2010 and 40 first term students of Applied Linguistics at Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin participated in it.

PUDO Dorota: Utilité des théories cognitives des émotions dans la réflexion scientifique consacrée aux émotions des enseignants

Dorota Pudo
Jagiellonian University
Cracow, Poland
e-mail: dorota.pudo@wp.pl

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The author examines the utility of cognitive theories of emotions for scientific reflexion dedicated to teachers´ emotion. Emotions are a phenomenon relatively rarely described and often treated as irrational or uncontrollable. Cognitive approches enhance the mental contents of the emotional experience, viewing it as a conscious and fully informative act. Such a vision allows to understand teachers´ emotions better, to analyse their deep contents and to perceive them as valuable sources of knowledge.

L´auteur s´interroge sur l´utilité des théories cognitives des émotions dans la réfléxion scientifique consacrée aux émotions des enseignants. Les émotions sont un phénomène relativement peu étudié et souvent traité comme irrationnel et incontrôlable. Les approches cognitives mettent en valeur le contenu mental du vécu émotionnel, le percevant comme un acte conscient et informatif. Une telle vision permet de mieux comprendre les émotions des enseignants, d´analyser leur contenu profond et de les traiter comme des sources de savoir valables.

Culture Studies

UTRI Reinhold: Flohmärkte als Schmelztiegel der Kulturen – Gedanken zur Interkulturalität mit einem Seitenblick auf die Sprachenpolitik einer multikulturellen Gesellschaft und die Möglichkeiten einer zeitgemäßen Schule

Reinhold Utri
Warsaw University
Warsaw, Poland

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The case of „flea markets”, multinational and multicultural in nature in the German-speaking countries, is a starting point for the discussion of the necessity to introduce the issues of multiculturality and multilingualism into contemporary academic discourse. The author gives examples of practical solutions to be applied in educational policies in multicultural societies.

Reviews

PIASTA Ewa Anna: Erich Garhammer: Zweifel im Dienst der Hoffnung. Poesie und Theologie, Echter-Verlag, Würzburg 2011

Ewa Anna Piasta
Jan Kochanowski University
Kielce, Poland

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Review of Erich Garhammer: Zweifel im Dienst der Hoffnung. Poesie und Theologie, Echter-Verlag, Würzburg 2011, 318 S.

SCHWENK Hans-Jörg: Grucza Franciszek/Pawłowski Grzegorz/Utri Reinhold (eds.) Diskurse als Mittel und Gegenstände der Germanistik. Materialien der Jahrestagung und internationalen wissenschaftlichen Konferenz des Verbandes Polnischer Germanisten (Olsztyn, 8.-10. Mai 2009), Warszawa 2009: Euro-Edukacja

Hans-Jörg Schwenk
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
Lublin, Poland

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Review of Grucza Franciszek/Pawłowski Grzegorz/Utri Reinhold (eds.) Diskurse als Mittel und Gegenstände der Germanistik. Materialien der Jahrestagung und internationalen wissenschaftlichen Konferenz des Verbandes Polnischer Germanisten (Olsztyn, 8.-10. Mai 2009), Warszawa 2009: Euro-Edukacja, 240 S.

UTRI Reinhold: Ingrid Gogolin / Ursula Neumann (Hrsg.): Streitfall Zweisprachigkeit – The Bilingual Controversy, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2009

Reinhold Utri
Warsaw University
Poland

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Review of Ingrid Gogolin / Ursula Neumann (Hrsg.): Streitfall Zweisprachigkeit – The Bilingual Controversy, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2009, 331 S.

List of reviewers

Issue 34, 2010

Articles

Literature

WÓJCIK Bartosz: Africanism in Linton Kwesi Johnson's Early Poetry

Bartosz Wójcik
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Lublin
Poland

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Since “the etymology of diaspora suggests both routes (scattering) and roots (sowing)” (Procter 2003: 14), Afro-Caribbean and Black British dub poets, as represented by Jamaicanborn Linton Kwesi Johnson, take heed of their artistic and anthropological ancestry, emphasising their shared Africanness. My paper is therefore an attempt to take a closer look at select African elements prevalent in Johnson's early literary output, namely his first two collections of poetry – Voices of the Living and the Dead (1974) and Dread Beat An' Blood (1975).

GŁOWALA Zbigniew: University or Universal? Revaluating the Academic Novel

Zbigniew Głowala
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Lublin
Poland

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The purpose of the article is to present the campus novel from an angle that would expose the qualities latent in a genre by pointing to the theme of conflict. The paper has been divided into three parts, each addressing one kind of conflict which can be distinguished from the generic pattern (the story about academics in the university setting). The analysed themes are recurrent in the campus novel – a town and gown row, a teacher-teacher conflict, and a clash between a teacher and a student. The conflicts are illustrated by works of David Lodge, Malcolm Bradbury and Kingsley Amis.

Linguistics

AUGUSTYN Rafał: Neologismen in Science-Fiction – eine kontrastive Analyse der Übersetzungsverfahren am Beispiel des Romans Revenge of the Sith

Rafał Augustyn
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Lublin, Poland
E-mail: augustyn.rafal@gmail.com

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Neologismen in Science-Fiction – eine kontrastive Analyse der Übersetzungsverfahren am Beispiel des Romans Revenge of the Sith

The paper attempts to analyse the neologisms in the literary genre of science fiction by comparing and evaluating the possibilities of their translation into other languages based on the example of the English novel Revenge of the Sith by Matthew Stover and its German and Polish translations. The study has shown that the neologism translatability rates in both translations are very high (about and over 80% for the German and Polish texts respectively). Owing to a considerable amount of occasional neologisms in the English original and language system similarities the most frequently applied translation methods included transplantation and imitation.

Im Beitrag wird es versucht, am Beispiel des englischsprachigen Romans Revenge of the Sith von Matthew Stover und seiner deutschen und polnischen Übersetzungen die Neologismen im Science-Fiction-Genre sowie die Möglichkeiten ihrer Wiedergabe in anderen Sprachen zu analysieren und evaluieren. Die durchgeführte Untersuchung ergab, dass die Neologismenübersetzungsraten in beiden Translaten ganz hoch sind (entsprechend fast und über 80% für die Deutsche und Polnische Übersetzung) und die von Übersetzern am häufigsten eingesetzte Translationsmethoden umfassen Transplantation und Imitation, was u.a. auf den hohen Anteil von Okkasionalismen im englischen Original sowie partiell auf die relative Affinität des spezifischen SF-Vokabulars in untersuchten Sprachpaaren zurückzuführen ist.

PĘDZISZ Joanna: Dissens in der Interaktion: methodologischer Rahmen der Analyse

Joanna Pędzisz
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
Lublin, Poland

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Konflikt, Streitgespräch, Dissens – in der Fachliteratur werden die Begriffe nicht selten synonymisch verwendet, mit den chaotischen Handlungen der Interaktanten und als Störfaktor für die erfolgreiche Kommunikation betrachtet. Außer Acht darf jedoch die Tatsache nicht gelassen werden, dass die Dissenslösung eines der Ziele der Interaktanten zu betrachten ist. Damit geht einher, dass die Interaktanten nach einem bestimmten Schema handeln, um dieses Ziel zu verwirklichen. Im vorliegenden Beitrag wird demzufolge der Versuch unternommen, den methodologischen Rahmen für die Analyse einer Dissensstruktur als Handungsmusters in einem konkreten Kommunikationsgefüge zu bestimmen. Die theoretische Grundlage dafür bildet den idealtypischen Verlauf von dissenten Sequenzen nach Gruber (1993, 1996), mit deren Hilfe die Kohärenz und Zielorientierung der dissenten Sequenzen nachgewiesen wird.

Conflict, quarrel, dissens – these terms are often used synonymously in the specialist literature. They are associated with chaotic activities of the participants of interaction and are regarded as a factor which disrupts communication among them. However, it needs to be taken into account that the dissolution of conflict is one of the aims of the interaction participants and achieving that necessitates following a particular path. The purpose of the present paper is, thus, presenting the methodological framework for analysis of the structure of dissens as a pattern of activity in a particular communicative model. The discussion is based on the theory of sequentiality of dissens activities (see Gruber 1993, 1996), which proves their integrity and purposeful character.

RADOMSKI Marek: An Optimality Theory Analysis of Velar Softening in English

Marek Radomski
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
Lublin, Poland

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The goal of this article is to analyse the phenomenon of Velar Softening in English within the nonderivational framework of Optimality Theory. It is argued that earlier approaches, including the traditional OT model which incorporates purely phonological constraints and a single-UR approach to allomorphy, fail to account for the process in question in a satisfactory manner. Instead, it is claimed that Velar Softening can be explained in terms of the OT model which adopts a multiple-input view on allomorphy as well as the idea of morpho-phonological constraints. Thus, the paper offers a novel and more adequate analysis of this process.

SCHWENK Hans-Jörg: Lexikalisch oder grammatisch? Sprachliche Kategorien auf dem Prüfstand

Hans-Jörg Schwenk
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
Lublin, Poland

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Der vorliegende Beitrag handelt von Lexikalität und Grammatikalität sowie den ihnen jeweils zugrunde liegenden Kriterien und zielt darauf ab, bestimmte sprachliche Kategorien auf ihre Zugehörigkeit zu den Bereichen Lexik und Grammatik hin zu überprüfen. Dabei konnte etwa gezeigt werden, dass der beispielsweise im Englischen, Französischen und Polnischen zutage tretende morphologische Unterschied zwischen einer bestimmten Klasse von Adjektiven und Adverbien eigentlich keinen Wortartwechsel herbeiführt, sondern eine grammatische Differenzierung nach Adverbalität und Adnominalität vollführt.

The present paper deals with lexicality and gramaticality and the criteria which allow to decide whether a linguistic unit belongs to the field of grammar or not. It could be shown that the morfological distinction, as it appears for instance in English, French and Polish, between a special kind of adjectives and adverbs does not give rise to different parts of speach but has to be considered as being the result of a grammatical opposition, namely adverbality and adnominality.

SZULC-BRZOZOWSKA Magdalena: Zur Problematik der semantischen und pragmatischen Äquivalenz von Partikeln am Beispiel des deutschen ja und des polnischen no

Magdalena Szulc-Brzozowska
Catholic University of Lublin
Poland

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The article deals with the problem of the pragmatic equivalence between the German particle ja and the Polish particle no; in other words, with the correspondence as well as the divergence of the usage of the particles in the same sentential and situational context. The function and category of these particles as modal particles is considered with reference to the semantic equivalence, comprising the invariant meaning of these particles in their different syntactic functions. The analysis shows that the lack of pragmatic equivalence may result from the difference in the positions of these particles in the sentence and from the function of the position in both languages, which is related to the fact that Polish is a non-positional language in contrast to German.

Der Beitrag betrifft die Problematik der pragmatischen Äquivalenz zwischen der deutschen Partikel ja und der polnischen Partikel no, d.h. die Übereinstimmung und die NichtÜbereinstimmung der Verwendung der Partikeln im gleichen Satz- und Situationskontext. Es wird die Funktion und die Kategorie der Partikeln als Modalpartikeln erwogen, in Bezug auf die semantische Äquivalenz, die die übergreifende/ invariante Bedeutung der Partikeln in ihren verschiedenen syntaktischen Funktionen umfasst. Die Analyse zeigt auf, dass die pragmatische Nicht-Äquivalenz sich aus dem Unterschied in der Stellung der Partikeln im Satz und der Funktion dieser Stellung in beiden Sprachen ergeben kann, was im engen Zusammenhang damit steht, dass das Polnische eine nicht-positionelle Sprache im Gegensatz zum Deutschen ist.

Foreign Language Teaching

MACHOWICZ Iwona: Zum Stellenwert des Schreibens in der Geschichte des Fremdsprachenunterrichts

Iwona Machowicz
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
Lublin, Poland

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Das Ziel des vorliegenden Aufsatzes besteht darin, die sich im Laufe der Geschichte verändernde Rolle der Fertigkeit Schreiben in den verschiedenen Methoden des Fremdsprachenunterrichts zu analysieren und die neueren Tendenzen auf dem Gebiet der fremdsprachlichen Schreibdidaktik aufzuzeichnen. Unter Berücksichtigung des Konzepts der Autonomie wird im Weiteren der Versuch unternommen, die Qualifikationen und Eigenschaften eines selbständigen fremdsprachlichen Schreibenlernenden herauszuarbeiten. Abschlieβend werden kurz die möglichen Forschungsrichtungen, die auf dem Gebiet des fremdsprachlichen Schreibens eingeschlagen werden könnten, angerissen.

The aim of this paper is to discuss the changing role and status of writing skills in the methodology of German language teaching, as well as to sketch the most recent trends which point to this issue. Allowing for the idea of autonomy of language teaching, which has been thoroughly discussed during debates concerning foreign language teaching in recent years, an attempt to select and highlight particular competence which should distinguish a student being able to develop writing skills in a foreign language in an autonomous way, has been undertaken in the article. Moreover, the most novel trends in methodology, which can be taken into account in the problem raised in the article, have been briefly presented.

SĘKOWSKA Jolanta: Belebtheitseffekte und Subjekterstpräferenz beim Lesen der topikalisierten und gescrambelten V2-Sätze durch polnische Lerner des Deutschen

Jolanta Sękowska
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
Lublin, Poland

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The article considers whether the L2-learners use the analogical mechanisms for transforming the syntax as the native users of the language in question. In the questionnaire survey the stability of the preference to interpret the first nominal phrase observed in transforming L1 to be the subject of a sentence, and its influence on non-structural factors, such as animacy have been analysed. It has been shown that L2-lelarners, similar to the native users of the language in question, prefer the subject-object word order, and that the general preference should not be covered by the semantic information.

Der Beitrag behandelt die Frage, ob L2-Lerner ähnliche Mechanismen der syntaktischen Verarbeitung wie die Muttersprachler aufweisen. In einer Fragebogenstudie wurde die in L1 beobachtbare Stabilität der Subjekterstpräferenz gegen nicht-strukturelle Einflüsse wie Belebtheit untersucht. Die Ergebnisse haben gezeigt, dass die L2-Lerner wie die Muttersprachler die SO-Abfolge bevorzugen und dass die semantische Information nicht imstande ist, diese allgemeine Subjekterstpräferenz zu überspielen.

Culture Studies

BRZANA Łukasz: Die Einstellung Polens zu der Teilung und der Wiedervereinigung Deutschlands 1949-1990

Łukasz Brzana

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Der Diskurs über deutsch-polnische Beziehungen wird nach jedem zu diesem Diskurs gehörenden Ereignis aktualisiert und gewinnt den Status eines spektakulären Diskurses. Ohne Zweifel beeinflussen ihn zwei Ereignisse, nämlich Teilung und Wiedervereinigung Deutschlands. Der vorliegende Beitrag nimmt deswegen die Einstellung Polens zur Teilung und Wiedervereinigung Deutschlands in den Blick um die deutsch-polnischen Beziehungen 1949 – 1990 zu schildern. Als Bezugspunkt dafür wird die Beständigkeit der deutschpolnischen Oder-Neiße-Grenze betrachtet.

The discourse on Polish-German relations is redefined after every event which shapes this discourse and makes it spectacular. Undoubtedly, the two events of division and unification of Germany co-create it. The attitude of Poles towards these events, taking into account the permanence of the border on the Oder and the Nysa rivers, had a great influence on the Polish-German relations in the years 1949-1990. This very issue is the major focus of the considerations in the present article.

KSIĘŻNIAK Emilia: Fusing Masculinity with ICT in American Advertising

Emilia Księżniak
Marie-Curie Skłodowska University
Lublin, Poland

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This paper examines representations of men in advertisements for ICT products and services appearing the American magazine “Wired” in 1999-2001. The research reveals reinforcement of stereotypical “masculinity” of ICT, which is achieved through associating advertised products and services with the notions appealing to males (power, sex and success). It demonstrates that, despite the gender-neutral character of ICT, the advertising practices serve to reproduce and uphold the hegemonic gender order by constructing the American male consumer as empowered by the use of marketed ICT products and/or services.

SMOLUK Marek: A deadly combination: obsession and/or infatuation

Marek Smoluk
University of Zielona Góra
Poland

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A deadly combination: obsession and/or infatuation

Mary Tudor’s way to the throne was fraught with pitfalls and ever-present dangers. If she ever believed in becoming queen, she could perhaps have anticipated that her reign would be beset by perplexing and complex issues. Long before she ascended the throne, her succession had been questioned on a number of occasions and had even been repealed by Henry VIII. During the rule of both her father and later her half-brother, the future Queen had been made to feel of little consequence. By the time she was crowned in 1553, Mary was able to conceal her fears; it was her coronation that opened up "Pandora’s box" with her old obsessions, which were then complemented with some new ones.

The principal aim of this paper is to present Mary’s reign not so much as a set of chronological events but as a period during which the maelstrom of her seething thoughts led to her self-destruction. Ever since Mary became the English queen, her thoughts were focused on three crucial issues: Elizabeth whom the Queen was always suspecting of plotting against her with a view to her dethronement, her infatuation with Philip of Spain and last but not least an important part of the Queen’s life was her mission of converting her subjects back to Catholicism. This would effect revenge on the Protestants by burning them at the stake.

Reviews

ALEKSANDROWICZ Paweł: Noël Carroll (2008), The Philosophy of Motion Picture. Malden: Blackwell Publishing

Paweł Aleksandrowicz
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
Lublin, Poland

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Review of Noël Carroll (2008), The Philosophy of Motion Picture. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.

PIASTA Ewa Anna: Sonja Hilzinger: Elisabeth Langgässer. Eine Biografie. Verlag für Berlin-Brandenburg, Berlin 2009

Ewa Anna Piasta
Jan Kochanowski University
of Humanities and Sciences in Kielce,
Poland

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Review of Sonja Hilzinger: Elisabeth Langgässer. Eine Biografie. Verlag für Berlin- Brandenburg, Berlin 2009, 497 S.

SCHWENK Hans-Jörg: Andrea Bogner et al. (eds.) Jahrbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache – Intercultural German Studies vol. 33, München 2007: iudicium

Hans-Jörg Schwenk
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
Lublin, Poland

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Review of Andrea Bogner et al. (eds.) Jahrbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache – Intercultural German Studies vol. 33, München 2007: iudicium, 438 S.

WALICKI Tomasz: Jenny Erpenbeck, Wörterbuch, München 2007: btb Verlag

Tomasz Walicki
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
Lublin, Poland

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Review of Jenny Erpenbeck, Wörterbuch, München 2007: btb Verlag, 110 S.

List of reviewers

Issue 33, 2009

Articles

Literature

BUCZEK Olga: La búsqueda de interlocutor en la novelística de Carmen Martín Gaite ( Entre visillos, El cuarto de atrás, Nubosidad variable)

Olga Buczek
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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The aim of the study is to discuss one of the most important theories in the works of Carmen Martin Gaite: the theory of the interlocutor. Having adopted the theoretical texts of the author (the articles collected in La búsqueda de interlocutor and in El cuento de nunca acabar) as a point of reference, we analyse the use and evolution of the concept in her novels which are the subject of the present study (Entre visillos, El cuarto de atrás, Nubosidad variable).

GALECKA Anna: Komödiantinnen und die Gesellschaft. Ein Beitrag zu der Frauenkonzeption bei Theodor Fontane anhand von ausgewählten Romanen

Anna Gałecka
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Farce-player and the society. Contribution to the concept of woman in the two novels of Theodor Fontane

The article „Farce-player and the society. Contribution to the concept of woman in the two novels of Theodor Fontane” concerns the matter, how the woman of the 19 century copies with the role of spouse, what it means to her to submit to the demands of the society. That’s why she puts on a mask, she begins to play-act. The analysis of the novels shows what influence has play-acting on the heroines. The life of Effie Briest ends tragically, but Melanie from “L’adultera” succeeds in throwing away the mask and to restore herself as authentic individual.

KOWALSKI Jacek: Zur modernen Erzähltechnik nach 1945 und ihrer Funktion anhand ausgewählter Prosa von Alfred Andersch ( Sansibar oder der letzte Grund; Efraim)

Jacek Kowalski
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Narrative technique in modern novel after 1945, on the example of Alfred Andersch’ chosen prose writings (1914-1980)

The present paper Narrative technique in modern novel after 1945, on the example of Alfred Andersch’ chosen prose writings (1914-1980) focuses upon novel methods of shaping the form and structure of the modern novel, and the role they play in the narrative construction of a literary work. The author presents the most significant narrative techniques such as segmentation of the novel’s text, simultaneous introduction of characters, frequent use of the so-called internal monologue to make the contemporary reader realize how picturesque is the language of literary fiction that, in the 20th C. boldly transcends the textual frames of the work.

KUCHARUK Sylwia: La concezione pirandelliana del teatro nel teatro in Processo a Gesù di Diego Fabbri

Sylwia Kucharuk
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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L’opposizione Pirandelliana Vita–Forma in Żeglarz di Jerzy Szaniawski

The Trial of Jesus by Diego Fabbri is undoubtedly a play written under the influence of Luigi Pirandello. The analysis presents the use of similar drama techniques which can be found in Diego Fabbri’s work and in the trilogy of Pirandello: Sei personaggi in cerca d’autore, Ciascuno a suo modo, Questa sera si recita a soggetto. It simultaneously points some differences which can be noticed in a very similar concept of theatre proposed by both authors.

PASTUSZKA Anna: Die Genauigkeit des Erinnerns: Die Reise nach Pommern von Christian Graf von Krockow

Anna Pastuszka
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Е.В.Спекторский и А.Л.Блок: история взаимоотношений

The article deals with various forms and strategies of remembering the past. Krockow’s book, which is an important voice in German discourse on remembering the lost motherland, belongs to the current of non-fiction and the literature of memory. The author deliberately mixes styles and genres: a loose tale about the olden days, a historical essay, family history, personal recollections and an account of a journey. The description of Pomerania as a littleknown province of the former German East, presented from the historical and sociological perspective, is far from nostalgic as it offers a critical look at the most recent history of Germany. The reconstruction of the history of the region as well as the mentality of its inhabitants constitutes the author’s personal method of coming to terms with the German ideology which led to the Second World War, expulsion and the loss of the motherland.

WÓJCIK Bartosz: Cherishing Chaucer, Choosing Chuck D: Patience Agbabi and Cultural Traditions

Bartosz Wójcik
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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The object of the paper is to present the works of Patience Agbabi, a Nigerian-Welsh performance poet. With a view to highlighting cultural traditions inherent in her poems, I shall focus on analysing diverse aesthetic/artistic influences manifest in her works. These, among others, include Chaucer and 1980s African-American rap lyrics. The second part of my presentation shall tackle the notion of printed performance i.e. Agbabi's scribal/typographical endeavours to stage orature, to put the oral/theatrical in writing. My paper endeavours to chart Agbabi's artistic stepping beyond the thematic barricade of committed verses of protest – characteristic of the dub poetry style and symptomatic of her debut volume – and enumerate the post-dub features of her poetry, which are present in both her volumes, namely R.A.W. (1995) and Transformatrix (2000).

Linguistics

FURTAK Łukasz: The influence of the dark /ɫ/ on the F1 and F2 of the preceding vowel in American English

Łukasz Furtak
John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin
Poland

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The paper investigates the influence of the coda dark [ɫ] on the formant structure of the preceding vowel in American English. The lateral seems to exert a velarizing effect which is expressed as the shift in the values of F1 and F2. In the case of F1, the direction of the shift depends on its original value, whereas for F2, it is always the same, but its actual extent depends on the vowel. For the two pairs of monopthongs: [ɑː] - [ʌ] and [uː] - [ʊ], the velarization results in the loss of phonemic contrast.

MATERNA Andrzej: Euphemismen im Dienste der Persuasion. Zur Form und Funktion euphemistischer Ausdrücke in der politischen Sprache

Andrzej Materna
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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In the article, the Author presents the role and the function of euphemisms in the language of politics as well as describes their significance as an important means of persuasion. These expressions are used in order either to create a more positive reading of certain facts or to suppress the facts that may appear negative. As a way of illustration, we exemplify euphemisms as they feature in given linguistic forms (mainly nominal and adjectival ones). These we derive from written and oral statements by German politicians of various political affiliations.

PĘDZISZ Joanna: Zu Beziehungs-Manövern in der politischen Debatte

Joanna Pędzisz
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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The close connection between content and relation in interactions (see Watzlawick/ Beavin/ Jackson 1974) invites the question of the matter-of-factness in political debates in the media. Politicians tackle controversial issues. Therefore, they are expected to present and maintain their opinions and in this way set the tone of a debate. How long is the tone kept at the content level? Do the maneuvers on the relation level (Schulz von Thun 1194) make a debate chaotic? The aim of the article is to analyze verbal and nonverbal tactics of the participants of a political debate that influence the level of interaction.

PODPORA-POLIT Emilia: Journalistische Texte in der Wirtschaftskommunikation: Welche Texte sind populärwissenschaftlich?

Emilia Podpora-Polit
Bolesław Markowski College of Commerce,
Kielce, Poland

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This article aims at presenting journalistic texts within the economic communication and answering the question: What kind of journalistic texts appearing in the economic communication should be considered popular scientific. Because of their comprehensible style and non-specialist audience, newspaper articles concerning economic issues are usually regarded as popular scientific texts. This is however a far-reaching simplification as newspaper articles differ considerably in their linguistic form from short news items about current economic affairs to long reports on important matters.

SZANTYKA Izabela Anna: All’incrocio tra semantica e pragmatica (parte 1): le espressioni deittiche da Peirce a Reichenbach

Izabela Anna Szantyka
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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At the crossroads between semantics and pragmatics (part 1) – deictic expressions from Peirce to Reichenbach.

The objective of this work divided in two parts is to review, in the most objective way and in accordance to the chronological order, different approches to the problematical question of the deicitc expressions, theories sometimes divergent, other times convergent between themselves and in relation to the approach inspired by the results of Bar-Hillel’s, Kaplan’s, Perry’s and Kleiber’s theoretical research, and announced in expressis verbis in the first part of this contribution’s title. The tentative to treat the deictic expressions as units which belong at the same time to the semantics’ and the pragmatics’ domain can be discreetly observed already in the Bühler’s (indexicals as signals and symbols) and Burks’ (deictics as indexical symbols) philosophical and semiotic thought, but also in the reductionist token-reflexivity theory of Reichenbach (division type / token). The results of Peirce’s and Russell’s research are also relevant, because, being diametrically opposed respect to the approaches mentioned above, they inspired, according to the principle of contradiction, the philosophical and linguistic theories, to which methodologies we explicitly refer.

Foreign Language Teaching

KOTOROWICZ-JASIŃSKA Karolina: A process approach to listening comprehension. Types of processing.

Karolina Kotorowicz-Jasińska
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Together with the criticism of Comprehension Approach, there appeared a tendency to look at listening comprehension from the point of view of the underlying processes, rather than its product (Field 2008). It has been considered one of the fundamental flaws of the approach to focus only on the final outcome of the listening process in the form of answers to comprehension questions or task responses.

The article provides an overview of the processes that listening comprehension entails, categorizing them into two distinctive groups. Also, different types of processing are investigated and the primacy of bottom-up processes is underlined.

WOJTYŚ Ewelina: Towards effective dictionary use by L2 learners: in search of new perspectives

Ewelina Wojtyś
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Pedagogical dictionaries are considered as a primary source of valuable lexical and grammatical information. Unfortunately, as empirical research reveals, they are not exploited effectively enough by L2 learners mostly due to the lack of appropriate skills and teachers’ frequent ignorance about the necessity for strategy training. This article aims at presenting findings from selected studies on the difficulties encountered by L2 learners during dictionary use as well as on the complexity of their look-up behaviour. In its second part the innovative concept of dictionary consultation during L2 writing examinations is discussed.

Culture Studies

PAPROTA Małgorzata: A Conservative Britishness: A Critical Linguistics Analysis of a Conservative Policy Recommendation Report

Małgorzata Paprota
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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The aim of this paper is to attempt an analysis, using the tools of Critical Discourse Analysis, of the ways Britishness or British identity is constructed and situated in the Interim Report by Conservative National and International Security Policy Review Group. Selected lexicogrammatical functions will be analysed to show that Britishness in the report is positively charged; vague; inclusive and independent of ethnic origin; overlapping with Conservative values and ideas.

Reviews

DZIUBA Marek: Günter Grass. Literatur, Kunst, Politik. Dokumentation
der internationalen Konferenz 4.-6.10.2007 in Danzig

Marek Dziuba
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Review of Günter Grass. Literatur, Kunst, Politik. Dokumentation der
internationalen Konferenz 4.-6.10.2007 in Danzig

SĘKOWSKA Jolanta: Martina Penke (2006): Flexion im mentalen Lexikon. Tübingen. Niemeyer.

Jolanta Sękowska
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Review of Martina Penke (2006): Flexion im mentalen Lexikon. Tübingen.
Niemeyer.

List of reviewers

Issue 32, 2008

Articles

Literature

BENDER Elżbieta: El yo intimo frente a la sociedad española en los recuerdos de adolescencia de Pío Baroja

Elżbieta Bender
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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El yo intimo frente a la sociedad española en los recuerdos de adolescencia de Pío Baroja

The analysis of the autobiographical texts by Pio Baroja, describing his experiences from the period of adolescence, allows understanding of the metaphysical existentialism which was typical for the author himself and for the characters he created. In his memoirs (Familia, infancia, juventud; Juventud, egolatría; La sensualidad pervertida,) Pio Baroja appears to be a person fascinated by psychology, who wants to conduct profound analysis of his personality. Meanwhile, he blames Spanish society for the existence of a number of his vices, which resulted from the suppression of his natural instincts.

The experiences related to the period of adolescence and the discovering of sexuality, described by the author, prove that at the age of 14-15 Pio Baroja started to develop the characteristics which were typical for the whole Generation of 98. The growing nonconformism will attract the attention of the author to the dissonance between an individual and the society.

BIZEK-TATARA Renata: La Modernité de la Construction du Personnage de Cripure dans Le Sang Noir de Louis Guilloux

Renata Bizek-Tatara
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Innovation in the construction of the character of Cripure in “Le Sang Noir” by Louis Guilloux

After André Gide and Marcel Proust, Louis Guilloux is one of the first writers of the 20th century who rejects the 19th-century literary tradition, creating in 1935 an exceptional and innovative novel – Le Sang Noir. Its innovation resides in the similarity to the New Novel from the 50s on the level of composition, narration, organization of spatio-temporal setting, role of the reader and character construction. The article discusses the innovative character construction employed by Guilloux in the creation of Cripure, the protagonist.

By means of the techniques of internal monologue and various points of view, the author created a protagonist with highly complex personality, impossible to be unambiguously characterized. An anonymous narrator, showing dualistic approach towards the protagonist, constantly shifts the points of view, rendering any description of the protagonist’s identity unfeasible as the information provided about him by the narrator and other characters is contrary.

Guilloux uses elliptic constructions, enabling the reader to interpret characters’ conduct. However, the constructions do not reveal the motivation of their actions, but are limited to presenting events, citing characters’ statements and, above all, demonstrating their behavior. The reader has to fill the gaps and interpret characters’ conduct themselves. Two decades later, this “adventure of writing” rather than “writing of adventure” will become one of the fundamental principles of the New Novel.

KIMAK Izabella: Realism in Mukherjee’s Jasmine and Divakaruni’s The Mistress Of Spices: Two Renderings of Contemporary Asian American Immigrant Experience

Izabella Kimak
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Realism in Mukherjee’s Jasmine and Divakaruni’s The Mistress Of Spices: Two Renderings of Contemporary Asian American Immigrant Experience

The present article attempts an analysis of two novels written by contemporary South Asian- American writers: Jasmine by Bharati Mukherjee and The Mistress of Spices by Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni. Both texts are literary explorations of an Indian immigrant experience in the US in the final decades of the 20th century, yet they do not render this experience in a strictly realistic fashion. This article is aimed to compare the two novels in terms of their realism, with a special emphasis placed on the roles which the departures from the conventionally understood realism play in the authors’ designs.

KUCHARUK Sylwia: L’opposizione Pirandelliana Vita–Forma in Żeglarz di Jerzy Szaniawski

Sylwia Kucharuk
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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L’opposizione Pirandelliana Vita–Forma in Żeglarz di Jerzy Szaniawski

The Sailor, one of the more important works of Jerzy Szaniawski, has been regarded by the critics as dealing with the issues of truth and legend. The aim of the paper is to present a new interpretation of the play and to show that the key problem addressed by the playwright is the conflict between Form and Life, which is considered by numerous critics to be the quintessence of the so-called philosophy of Luigi Pirandello.

The similarities between the theatres of both playwrights have been frequently, albeit in rather general terms, pinpointed by critics. Therefore, it is worth examining The Sailor in the context of works by the Sicilian author.

The study indicates that Szaniawski’s play contains numerous elements vital in Pirandello’s works, such as: the problem of the relativity of truth, the impossibility to define a human personality, the confinement of an individual into a form as a consequence of judgements by others, and – most importantly – the conflict between Form and Life, and their mutual relations, all of which let us claim that The Sailor is close to Pirandello’s works.

Михальченко Сергей, Ткаченко Елена: Е.В.Спекторский и А.Л.Блок: история взаимоотношений

Сергей Михальченко
Елена Ткаченко

Bryansk State Academician I.G.Petrovsky University,
Bryansk, Russian Federation

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Е.В.Спекторский и А.Л.Блок: история взаимоотношений

The research is devoted to the initial stage of the biography of an outstanding Russian thinker Evgeniy Vasilyevich Spektorsky (1875-1951). His study at the Warsaw University is characterized. The authors analyze influence which was rendered on him by the professors of the university, first of all, his supervisor A.L.Blok. The work is written on the basis of materials of the Russian, Ukrainian and Polish archives.

MIKRUT Leszek:Популярность беллетристики Григория Данилевского в Европе

Leszek Mikrut
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Популярность беллетристики Григория Данилевского в Европе

George Danilevsky, the author of New Russia fugitives and Mirovitch, was not only a bilingual Ukrainian writer, who belonged to a circle of Russian literature authors, but he was also a person who, together with Gogol and other writers, co-originated the “Ukrainian school” in Russian literature. In its history he was not only honored as a literary man, who consequently and passionately wrote about Ukraine, but also as a writer who devoted large part of his literary output to this country. He also stood out above other writers as a belletrist who fought both for the existence rights of the Ukrainian literature and for a due place of this country not only in Europe but also in the circle of Slavonic literatures. Such a behavior was conflicting with principles of imperialistic chauvinistic Russian sovereigns. In spite of his literary and social achievements, Danilevsky has been forgotten

NABYTOVICH Ihor: The Architectonic and Aesthetical Symmetry in Nathalena Koroleva’s Novel 1313 and Umberto Eco’s Novel The Name of the Rose

Ihor Nabytovych
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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The Architectonic and Aesthetical Symmetry in Nathalena Koroleva’s Novel 1313 and Umberto Eco’s Novel The Name of the Rose There is some kind of symmetry between the novel of the Ukrainian writer Nathalena Koroleva 1313 (1934) and the Umberto Eco’s Il nome della rosa (The Name of the Rose, 1980) not only in the historical period, but also in the architectonic of each of them, in the separate elements of their aesthetical meaning, fable conclusions and the system of images (the events which are presented in both novels depict the first half of the XIV century in the Middle Ages monastery where something strange is happening; in each of the novels the monastery is being destroyed because of the fire). Along with that N. Koroleva’s novel is a modernistic project (based on the writer’s outlook – homo religiosus, on the conservative inner world positions). And the U. Eco’s novel is a post-modernistic project (which declares the crisis phenomena of the modern irreligious world, the outlook of the irreligious personality). One of the main expressions, symbols of the asymmetry (which in concrete details tends to the reversed symmetry in the conceptual expressions of the symbols modeling systems that represent the Middle Ages monastery) in the novels of N. Koroleva and U. Eco is the concept of the Devil and the concept of the Dark Ages’ science.

WALICKI Tomasz: Entfremdung und Verfolgung als Motive Christoph Heins Roman Horns Ende

Tomasz Walicki
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Entfremdung und Verfolgung als Motive Christoph Heins Roman Horns Ende

Christoph Hein, born in Lower Silesia, is one of the most prominent writers in the literature of the German Democratic Republic. In the 1980s as an author Hein became one of the most outspoken critics in his country, taking active part in the political activities of the GDR. Hein’s prose is based mainly on the history of the GDR, on facism and the post-war period. In 1985 his first novel titled Horn’s Death was published. Narrated by the characters, the story is woven around Horn’s suicidal death in 1957.

In his novel Hein strived to reflect the problems of one’s alienation and humiliation as well as the image of the GDR regime and the nazi time. It was for the reasons of alienation and political persecution that Hein chose to commit suicide.

Linguistics

BARAN Lechosław: Interkulturelle Kompetenz und ihre Förderung im glottodidaktischen Prozess

Lechosław Baran

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Eufemismo na imprensa – estrutura e funcionamento

The aim of this article is to propose an analytical framework for the structure and euphemism’s concept in the press. Given the complexity of the euphemism structure, we restrict our focus to what we call the global vision of the phenomena.

We present with theoretical instruments different points of view of the euphemism use which depends on the various public contexts. This pragmatic vision of using such instruments is reflected in the interlocutor’s relations. We are only able to analyze euphemisms when we realize the importance of its semantic dimension. Obviously, our approach to “press euphemisms” from a discourse analytic point of view is not independent of specific sociocultural accomplishment.

CAZARIN Ercília Ana: L’acquisition du lexique verbal dans les récits de fiction: quelques remarques sur le choix de formulation en français et polonais L(s)2

Ercília Ana Cazarin
Gesualda De Lourdes Dos Santos Rasia
UNIJUI, Ijui, Brasil

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The text deals with the relationship reading-writing in a discursive perspective. Read, for the Analysis of Speech (AS), relates to a process of production of meaning - a gesture of interpretation of the subject that reads / interprets. We are moving this conception to reflect on the process of writing the texts. We prioritized, in this study, the following question: if the reading and interpretation are understood as gestures, capable of provoking a new will be, what would be in common among these concepts and the process of writing? We start from the analysis of gestures of reading produced by students on a charge of political slant, considering the language as materiality of as discursive tissue, and also the fact that the linguistic effects figure in history to produce meaning. We consider as a variable for the constitution of the reading-writing process the students living with the practices of reading on digital materials as a instance for literacy.

EJTEL Beata: Linguistique textuelle: quelques remarques sur la cohésion de Nana d’Emile Zola?

Beata Ejtel
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Linguistique textuelle : quelques remarques sur la cohésion de Nana d’Emile Zola

The aim of the study was to analyse the relations of cohesion in Emil Zola's Nana. First, we provide an outline of essential terms referring to the notions of „coherence” and „cohesion” (after Halliday and Hasan in Cohesion in English). This has been the basis for a discussion of the cohesive phenomena best represented in the analysed novel, i.e. diaphoric relations – anaphoras and cataphoras – with respect to various criteria. Most of the terms that have been used come from Marek Kęsik's La cataphore. In order to ensure their comprehensibility, the terms have been illustrated with examples taken from Zola's novel.

Thus, we have distinguished two groups of anaphoric expressions: pronominal and nominal anaphoras, the latter subdivided into „faithful” and „unfaithful”, possessive and associative (the last, very interesting case has led us to specify different types). Next, we have presented epithetic, nominal, indirect anaphoras and anaphoras sensu lato. Cataphoras have been classified as indirect, sensu stricto or sensu lato.

KLIMKOWSKI Konrad: Apperception in Compounding as Manifestation of Iconicity. Selected Remarks on Jan Michał Rozwadowski’s Theory of Apperception

Konrad Klimkowski
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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This paper draws upon the cardinal assumption that most relations between compound components may be regarded as specific manifestations of iconicity. It manifests itself in compound formation as a phenomenon named “apperception” (apercepcja). The concept of apperception – proposed in Polish linguistics by Jan Rozwadowski, strongly influenced by Wundt – is a powerful tool in the description and functional explanation of word and sentence structure. In a nutshell, apperception may be defined as a cognitive process comprising two functional strategies speakers undertake during meaningful utterance construction: a) they establish similarity links between the already existent utterances (and their meanings); b) they establish distinction points between the already existent utterances and the new one. A proposal to view apperception as a manifestation of iconicity follows an observation that apperception helps discern how formal organization of compounds mirrors the cognitive (functional) strategies of encoding their meaning. The text also includes solutions which, are indispensable if Rozwadowski’s theory is to handle a wider spectrum of lexical data.

MIERZWIŃSKA-HAJNOS Agnieszka: Jack-Go-To-Bed-At-Noon and Lisi Ogon: the Analyzability and Compositionality of Plant Terms in English and Polish

Agnieszka Mierzwińska-Hajnos
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Jack-Go-To-Bed-At-Noon and Lisi Ogon: the Analyzability and Compositionality of Plant Terms in English and Polish

The present paper offers an analysis of common plant names appearing in English and Polish in the light of cognitive linguistics. Assuming, as cognitivists do that meanings of lexical items are partly decomposable, we use the notions of analyzability and compositionality in the sense of Langacker (1987, 1991) as a diagnosis for establishing the scale of semantic transparency of such expressions.

PĘDZISZ Joanna: Kreieren, Steuern, Kontrollieren, Aufrecherhalten der Interaktionsprozesse: Zu Kommunikativen Handlungen der Moderatorin in der Politischen Talkshow

Joanna Pędzisz
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Kreieren, Steuern, Kontrollieren, Aufrecherhalten der Interaktionsprozesse: Zu Kommunikativen Handlungen der Moderatorin in der Politischen Talkshow

The television creates a particular reality in which the participants of the interaction organise their activities. At the same time, these activities follow particular standards and rules which condition the institutional framework and influence both moderator’s and her guests’ activities during a political talkshow.

The role of the moderator is strictly connected with such activities as creating, steering, controlling and sustaining interactions realized in the communicative framework of a political talkshow. These activities are a logical consequence of the theory of moderation adopted. The moderator is a person who is responsible for communication among the participants of a political talkshow. The aim of the paper, thus, is to characterize the communicative activities, verbal, para-verbal and non-verbal behaviours of the moderator.

SZANTYKA Izabela Anna: A few reflections on the use of the verbs ”andare”/”aller” and ”venire”/”venir” in Italian and French

Izabela Anna Szantyka
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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A few reflections on the use of the verbs ”andare”/”aller” and ”venire”/”venir” in Italian and French The aim of the present paper is to reflect on the use of basic verbs of movement ”andare”/”aller” i ”venire”/”venir”, which are often translated into Polish as “iść(jechać)/przyjść(przyjechać)”. The rules of usage of these verbs in Romance languages cannot be reduced, however, to a simple analogy to their Polish counterparts. When looking at ”andare”/”aller” i ”venire”/”venir” from a distinctive-contrastive point of view, the analysis makes use of numerous semantic, syntactic and pragmatic factors. As deictic verbs, they encompass such criteria as closeness/distance, presence/absence, both in the physical/effective dimension, but also the psychological or potential message, in relation to the sender and addressee. One cannot forget, at this point, about the role of the vector of movement performed by the interlocutors, as it has a great effect on the choice of the verb.

TUTIN Agnes: Sémantique lexicale et corpus : l’étude du lexique transdisciplinaire des écrits scientifiques

Agnès Tutin
Université Grenoble 3,
Grenoble, France

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This paper deals with a corpus-based linguistic study in lexical semantics. Our topic is the general scientific lexicon, the cross-disciplinary lexicon peculiar to the academic genre. We show how the use of a large corpus enables to develop an inventory of this vocabulary and present the first semantic treatments performed with the help of the corpus, with a first experiment in natural language processing..

KNIEJA Jolanta: Intertextuälität in Graffiti

Jolanta Knieja
Institute of German Studies and Applied Linguistics
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
Pl. Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej 4a
20-031 Lublin

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The article discusses the problem of intertextuality in graffiti texts. For this purpose, both the notion of intertextuality and its typology were defined according to German literature of the subject. Next, the referential connections occurring between graffiti and other texts were indicated within the course of linguistic analysis. The results of the proposed analysis are presented in the concluding section of the paper. Keywords: text analysis, intertextuality, graffiti

Foreign Language Teaching

HAJDUK Anna: Contextualization in L2 vocabulary instruction – an action research study

Anna Hajduk
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Contextualization in L2 vocabulary instruction – an action research study

The principal objective of the present article has been to explore if incorporating contextualization activities into teaching unfamiliar words in teaching English as a foreign language is conducive to students’ vocabulary expansion and refining their word knowledge. The paper aims to supply an insightful analysis of the action research study undertaken by the present writer as well as a report on its findings. The major goal of the study was to examine the value of context-based instruction as well as activities employed for the purpose of the students’ vocabulary development. The results obtained from the research revealed that the contextualization is not only a beneficial tool for enhancing the students’ vocabulary growth and consolidation, but a relevant motivating factor as well.

NIESTOROWICZ Tomasz: Interferencias Morfosintácticas en la Producción Escrita de Estudiantes Hispanistas Polacos

Tomasz Niestorowicz
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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The paper presents an overview of a pilot study aiming at developing university students’ writing competence with the use of wiki as an authoring environment for Task-Based Language Teaching. Wiki was used to design pre-task, task and post-task sequences which were implemented in varied modes of work when teaching English to a group of intermediate students at the Department of German Studies, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin, Poland. Keywords: wiki, writing online, collaboration

KRAJKA Jarosła: Teaching Writing Online – The Implementation of Wikis as Online Environments for Collaborative Writing Instruction

Jarosław Krajka
University of Vincent Pol,
Lublin, Poland
Gesualda De Lourdes Dos Santos Rasia
UNIJUI, Ijui, Brasil

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One of the main fields of studies within the framework of second language teaching methodology is an analysis of linguistic errors which constitute characteristic phenomenon of different stages throughout the teaching process. Although an error is a systematic deviation from the linguistic norm, it also seems to be an essential step in the second language acquisition. The main aim of this article is to present and analyse the most frequent errors occurring in essays written by Polish students. The analysis concentrates on morphosyntacic errors, since morphosyntax can be considered an area in which the greatest difficulties are to be noticed. The author describes and analyses errors in two problematic areas, namely in the use of articles and past tenses.

Culture Studies

KOŁTUNOWSKI Piotr: Argumentative Bedeutung von historischen Analogien in der nationalsozialistischen Propaganda während des Zweiten Weltkrieges. Einige Bemerkungen über Methodologie und Forschungsergebnisse eines Projekts

Piotr Kołtunowski
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Basing on historical analogy, the paper analyzes the problem of argumentative manipulation in the Nazi propaganda during World War II.. The present study of propaganda texts took into account two types of linguistic manipulation: “explanation” and “justification”, both playing a crucial role in forming the German postures during World War II. The analysis showed that the Nazi propaganda made use of false historical analogies, i.e. it juxtaposed and compared incommensurable facts, patterns of behaviour, feats leading to victory, etc. The aim of the manipulative technique of false historical analogy, based on explanation and justification, was to boost the Germans’ “combative” morale. This was expected to be achieved by way of shaping the required postures: a complete submission to the Nazi leadership, the endurance vis-à-vis losses inflicted, combating apathy and defeatism, creating a psychological “distance” with respect to the crisis and losses. The justification of the war effort was done through spreading fear, creating the “endurance” posture, appealing to the “Prussian virtues”, etc. The forging of these postures was meant to keep the German nation in the spirit of constant “combative readiness”.

MIHULKA Krystyna: Der Oder-Neiße-Komplex – eine symbolische Grenze in den Deutsch-Polnischen Beziehungen

Krystyna Mihułka
University of Rzeszów,
Rzeszów, Poland

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The Polish-German border is perceived as a symbolic border in the post-war Polish-Germanrelations. In this paper, a lot of attention is devoted to this border in the crucial moments of the Polish-German-relations, such as the tense situation in Poland and former East Germany, political changes in 1989 and Poland joining the EU and Schengen Zone. My discussion concerning the symbolism of the Polish-German border is not limited only to the analysis of historical facts and events, but it also centers on the mentality of Germans and Poles, their mutual perception, sympathy and aversion. It turns out that the abolishing of the state borders seems to be much easier than the reduction of the mental barriers/borders existing between Poles and Germans.

SMOLUK Marek: The Favourites of James I and their impact on the King’s home and foreign policy

Marek Smoluk
University of Zielona Góra,
Zielona Góra, Poland

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The Favourites of James I and their impact on the King’s home and foreign policy

The aim of this paper is to present James I (1603-1625) from the perspective of his sexuality and thus evaluate to what extent this first Stuart king allowed his personal desires to influence his monarchical duties. Also, the intention of this work is to assess the role of his particular favourites with reference to their impact on the King’s home and foreign policy within his twenty-three year reign.

Reviews

GRZESIUK Ewa: Johannes Lehmann (2000; 2005), Unser armer Schiller. Eine respektlose Annäherung. Hamburg: Rowohlt

Ewa Grzesiuk
The John Paul II Catholic University
of Lublin, Poland

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Johannes Lehmann (2000; ²2005), Unser armer Schiller. Eine respektlose Annäherung. Hamburg: Rowohlt

ZIN Roman: Ігор Набитович, Universum sacrum’у в художній прозі (від Модернізму до Постмодернізму) = Universum sacrum in der Belletristik (von Modernismus bis zum Postmodernismus). Auf der Suche nach sakralen Dimensionen der Literatur. Drohobyč: Posvit, 2008, 544 S.

Roman Zin

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Ігор Набитович, Universum sacrum’у в художній прозі (від Модернізму до Постмодернізму) = Universum sacrum in der Belletristik (von Modernismus bis zum Postmodernismus). Auf der Suche nach sakralen Dimensionen der Literatur. Drohobyč: Posvit, 2008, 544 S.

List of reviewers

Issue 31, 2007

Articles

Literature

PACYNIAK Jolanta: Erinnern und Erzählen in Malina von Ingeborg Bachmann

Jolanta Pacyniak
Institute of German Studies and Applied Linguistics
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
Pl. Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej 4a
20-031 Lublin

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Im Artikel „Erinnern und Erzählen in Malina von Ingeborg Bachmann“ ist der Versuch unternommen, den Prozess des Erinnerns mit dem Erzählen in Zusammenhang zu bringen. Die Ich-Erzählerin leistet die Erinnerungsarbeit, indem sie das Vergangene aus ihrem Gedächtnis ans Tageslicht bringt, dabei sind die traumatischen Erlebnisse präsent, die nicht gänzlich verarbeitet wurden. Die Erinnerungen werden durch das gegenwärtige Geschehen, unglückliche Beziehung mit Ivan, beeinflusst.

Die individuelle Erinnerungsebene wird durch das kollektive Gedächtnis ergänzt. Die Geschichte steht im Hintergrund, aber ersichtlich ist dabei, dass Kriegserlebnisse persönliche Erfahrungen überschatten. Die kollektiven vergangenen Ereignisse haben auch ihre positive Dimension, die mit dem Begriff Haus Österreich verbunden ist. Die individuelle und kollektive Erinnerungsebene werden miteinander verwoben und bilden ein sich gegenseitig beeinflussendes Gefüge.

MIKRUT Leszek: Українські чумаки в репортажах Григорія Данилевського

Leszek Mikrut
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Григорий Данилевский – автор очень известных в своей эпохе исторических и бытовых романов - Беглые в Малоросии и Мирович - не был двуязычным украинским писателем, принадлежавшим к кругу творцов русской литературы, а совместно с Николаем Гоголем и другими создавал т.наз. "украинскую школу" в русской литературе. Наряду с беллетристикой занимался он тоже журналистской деятельностью. Его очерки о путешествиях на запад Европы (Письма из-за границы), об обычаях малороссийских охотников (Четыре времени года украинской охоты) или о впечатлениях от деловых поездок по Россиии (Из путевых заметок) читались и обсуждались с большим интересом не только в литературных кругах.

По сегодняшний день цикл очерков Чумаки – энциклопедия и эпопея жизни украинских крестьян, которые на возах, запряженных в волы, два раза в год возили из своих сел на Азовское море продовольственные товары, изделья народного ремесла, а оттуда привозили лишь один товар, но такой, без которого жизнь теряла свою суть – соль. О жизни чумаков - «рыцарей степи» - создавались народные песни, о них пели баяны под бандуру, они становились героями былин, народного эпоса, и частушек, ими – наконец – даже пугали детей. А в произведении Г. Данилевского по сегодня они живут своей литературной жизнью.

В истории русской литературы создатель Чумаков запечатлел свое имя, как автор, который необычайно настойчиво и с большой любовью писал об Украине, как литератор, посвятивший ей громадную часть своего наследия, беллетрист, который боролся за право на существование украинской литературы и должное ей место в Европе, а также в семье славянских литератур (что противоречило основным положениям великодержавного шовинизма правителей России) и одновременно, к сожалению, был до такой степени забыт.

POSTURZYŃSKA-BOSKO Małgorzata: Sur la technique du style des textes politiques de Christine de Pizan

Małgorzata Posturzyńska-Bosko
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Cet article est une tentative d’analyser quelques particularités du style des textes politiques de Christine de Pizan. La structure de ses oeuvres doit beacoup à la compilation ; ses ouvrages, dans certains passages, sont constitués de morceaux des textes repris à divers auteurs. Son style paraît un peu lourd et obscurci par des reminiscences, répétitions, phrases trop longues à multiples propositions subordonnées, constructions imbriquées réalisées par compléments et subordonnées conjonctives qui parfois rendent ses textes obscures. Christine utilise aussi des constructions pseudo-latines, formules de notaire, groupements des mots synonimiques deux par deux, constructions à double objet ou à double dépendante substantive, ou mixtes.

WOŁOWSKI Witold: Lecture à haute voix dans le texte dramatique

Witold Wołowski
The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin,
Lublin, Poland

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Linguistics

PĘDZISZ Joanna: Zur Rollendynamik in dem Kommunikationsgefüge politische Talkshow

Joanna Pędzisz
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Zur Rollendynamik in dem Kommunikationsgefüge politische Talkshow Über den interaktionalen Charakter des Kommunikationsgefüges politische Talkshow entscheiden ohne Zweifel die Handlungen der Talkshowteilnehmer, deren Rollen in einzelnen Phasen der Gesprächsrunde variieren. Die Gesprächspartner zeigen unterschiedliches Engagement und Interesse, was die Dynamik der Interaktionsprozesse in der polischen Talkshow beeinflussen. In dem Zusammenhang werden folgende Ziele des vorliegenden Beitrag in den Blick genommen:

  1. Bestimmung des Zummenhanges der zwischen der Rollenänderung und ihrem Einfluss auf die Interaktionsprozesse in der politischen Talkshow
  2. Spezifizierung der Rollendynamik in der politischen Talkshow
KUMIĘGA Łukasz: Rezeption der foucaultschen Diskurstheorie innerhalb der germanistischen Sprachwissenschaft

Łukasz Kumięga
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Der folgende Beitrag setzt sich zum Ziel, das Feld der linguistisch fundierten Diskursforschung zu rekonstruieren, die aus der foucaultschen Diskurskonzeption schöpft. Es wurden drei linguistische Zugänge zum Diskurs erfasst: (1) Diskurs vom Text her gedacht, (2) Diskurs als Korpus/Textkorpus, (3) Diskurs als wissenskonstituierendes Phänomen. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird auf die Probleme bei der linguistischen Interpretation des foucaultschen Werkes sowie auf die daraus resultierenden methodologischen Herausforderungen hingewiesen.

WOŁOWSKA Katarzyna: L’union des contraires et les jeux de mots: le rôle de l’analyse contrastive dans l’identification des paradoxes apparents (l’exemple du français et du polonais)

Katarzyna Wołowska
The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin,
Lublin, Poland

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BIEŃ Janusz: Sur la nature des confusions notionnelles au sein du verbe pronominal: diathese

Janusz Bień
The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin,
Lublin, Poland

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Foreign Language Teaching

SADOWNIK Barbara: Interkulturelle Kompetenz und ihre Förderung im glottodidaktischen Prozess

Barbara Sadownik
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Der vorliegende Beitrag setzt sich zum Ziel, die theoretische Fundierung sowie Vorteile und Schwächen des interkulturellen Ansatzes in der Glottodidaktik darzustellen. Im Zentrum des Interesses stehen folgende Fragen: Wie kam es dazu, dass die interkulturelle Kompetenz in letzter Zeit den Status des obersten Lernziels des FU erhielt? In welchem Verhältnis stehen die interkulturelle kommunikative Kompetenz und die reine Sprachkompetenz zueinander? Was ist eigentlich unter dem Begriff interkulturelle Kompetenz zu verstehen? Wieweit kann die interkulturelle Kompetenz im glottodidaktischen Prozess sukzessive und erfolgreich gefördert werden? Welcher Umfang an explizitem Wissen über eine fremde Kultur ist als Lernziel anzusehen? Die Autorin verweist darauf, dass sich in der momentanen Diskussion um die interkulturelle Kompetenz als Hauptziel des Fremdsprachenunterrichts eine Renaissance der ursprünglichen Diskussion um das Lernziel kommunikative Kompetenz deutlich erkennen lässt.

PAPROCKA-PIOTROWSKA Urszula: L’acquisition du lexique verbal dans les récits de fiction: quelques remarques sur le choix de formulation en français et polonais L(s)

Urszula Paprocka-Piotrowska
The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin,
Lublin, Poland

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Culture Studies

MIHUŁKA Krystyna: Wie entstehen Vorurteile?

Krystyna Mihułka
University of Rzeszów,
Rzeszów, Poland

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How are prejudices formed?
The purpose of this article is to present and discuss the causes and ways of forming prejudices in contemporary societies. I examine consecutively the impact of family, education, workplace and the media on the formation of prejudices, paying special attention to the last dimension. In the empirical section of this article, I analyse ‘the image of Poles’ as depicted in selected German newspapers from 1989 and 2004, and I attempt to find out whether this image changes over time.

SMOLUK Marek: Royal education in the Tudor Age

Marek Smoluk
University of Zielona Góra,
Zielona Góra, Poland

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The principal aim of this paper is to offer an insight into the detail of educating the king’s off-spring in Tudor times. There is no dispute amongst most historians that the kind of education a prince or princess underwent and the religion instruction they received in their youth, are the two most determining factors which influence the future king’s or queen’s reign. Thus this paper allows the reader to learn of certain nuances affecting the royal Tudor education provided by the English scholars to Henry VIII’ children – viz. the Princesses Mary and Elizabeth as well as Prince Edward.

Reviews

KRIEGER-KNIEJA Jolanta: Aleksandra Łyp-Bielecka, Verben der Nahrungsaufnahme des Deutschen und des Polnischen. Eine semanto-syntaktische Vergleichsanalyse. Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien: Peter Lang Verlag/Danziger Beiträge zur Germanistik 2007, 246 S.

Jolanta Krieger-Knieja
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Aleksandra Łyp-Bielecka, Verben der Nahrungsaufnahme des Deutschen und des Polnischen. Eine semanto-syntaktische Vergleichsanalyse. Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien: Peter Lang Verlag/Danziger Beiträge zur Germanistik 2007, 246 S.

JANOSZCZYK Jolanta: Krzysztof Nerlicki, Aufbau und Funktionieren des fremdsprachlichen Speichermechanismus. Kodematische Betrachtungsweise mit glottodidaktischer Relevanz. Szczecin: Uniwersytet Szczeciński, 2004, 232 S.

Jolanta Janoszczyk
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Krzysztof Nerlicki, Aufbau und Funktionieren des fremdsprachlichen Speichermechanismus. Kodematische Betrachtungsweise mit glottodidaktischer Relevanz. Szczecin: Uniwersytet Szczeciński, 2004, 232 S.

List of reviewers

Issue 29-30, 2006

Articles

Literature

Małgorzata POSTURZYŃSKA-BOSKO: Mouvance des manuscrits du Livre du corps de Policie de Christine de Pizan

Małgorzata POSTURZYŃSKA-BOSKO
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Differences between the manuscripts of Livre du corps de Policie by Christine de Pizan

The purpose of this article is to compare several versions of the manuscripts of Livre du corps de Policie by Christine de Pizan, which can be divided into two groups of texts: one including manuscripts most faithful to the original with few inconsistencies, the other comprising less faithful texts rather distant from the original. Both groups revealed not only structural and semantic differences introduced by the author herself, but also unavoidable changes resulting from the transcription process. Christine de Pizan supervised copyists’ work and thus could detect errors and make necessary alterations. The changes in the manuscripts concerned mainly syntax (i.e. omission of words and sentences and changes in phrase structure) and less often spelling and choice of a more accurate term.

Witold Wołowski: Roman Ingarden and stage directions in the dramatic text

Witold Wołowski
John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin,
Poland

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The aim of this paper is to present the contribution of the Polish philosopher, Roman Ingarden, to analysis of stage directions (didascalia) in the dramatic text. Ingarden did not publish any separate work devoted to this issue, however, his observations contained in The Literary Work of Art (O dziele literackim) are much more significant than they might seem to be. In 1931, when no one had yet attempted to study stage directions, Ingarden recognised their role as an inherent, constituent part, and not merely optional, of the dramatic text, which according to the double projection of states of affairs (doppelte Projection), constitutes together with the dialogue the represented world in the play. Ingarden regards stage directions (Nebentext) as the text that logically frames, or rather “projects” the dialogue (Haupttext). Combining reflections on stage directions with those on the structure of narrative texts, which are also marked with double projection, proved Ingarden’s great intuition.

Ewa Antoszek: The City as Place of Dialogue, Negotiation, and Struggle in Terri de la Peña and Mona Ruiz

Ewa Antoszek
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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The multicultural city is a popular setting of many Chicana narratives and short stories. However, in many contemporary works by Chicana authors it loses its typical function of providing a background to the story solely and becomes an active agent that reflects the struggles of its inhabitants. This negotiation is also seen in the interplay between the barrio and the city that is depicted in Chicana literature.
This depiction of the city as a place of dialogue, negotiation and struggle against conformity is especially interesting in the two works by two Chicana authors – The Faults by Terri de la Peña and Two Badges: The Lives of Mona Ruiz by Mona Ruiz.
Terri de la Peña makes L.A. an arena of fight against sexual conformity, male violence, and against conforming to restricting social norms. Ruiz, on the other hand, concentrates on the relation between the barrio and the city. In her personal story she presents different aspects of non-conformity, which is especially visible in the transformation of her own life, (namely her passage from a gang member to a policewoman in Santa Ana) and her struggle not to conform in both situations. The aspect of dialogue and negotiation is emphasized in both books at the linguistic level, as well, as both authors use code-switching.
The purpose of my paper is to compare the two works and analyze the portrait of a contemporary multicultural city that emerges from these books, concentrating on the aspect of the city as a place of (non)conformity in terms of gender, ethnicity, sexuality and class.

Linguistics

Anna Krzyżanowska Semantic analysis of selected lexemes indicating emotions

Anna Krzyżanowska
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Semantic analysis of selected lexemes indicating emotions

The aim of this paper is to assess the semantic differential scale of three analyzed French lexemes: tristesse (‘sadness’), chagrin (‘worry, care, trouble’) and peine (‘suffering, agony’). The above considerations are firmly fixed within the paradigm of lexical and cognitive semantics and indicate a strong correlation between the meaning of analyzed lexemes and their syntactic properties.
The aforementioned lexemes share a common semantic property of negative emotions within the semantic domain of sadness. Such parameters as, i.a. the number of actants, reasons evoking emotions, intensity and duration of emotions, or external and internal symptoms of emotions have been established as common characteristics that allow us to successfully define the analyzed lexemes. Simultaneously, the reason for which semantic differences among the analyzed instances occur is ascribed to different values found in seemingly universal parameters.
Syntactic constructions, collocations and phraseologisms found in dictionaries, press texts and contemporary literature have become the object and basis of the presented analysis.

Marta Sobieszewska-Krawczyk The function of the adjective suivant as a deadjectival noun

Marta Sobieszewska-Krawczyk
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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The function of the adjective suivant as a deadjectival noun

The present paper is part of the linguistic research dedicated to the analysis of transparent and opaque indexicals. It also focuses on the function of two French spatiotemporal adjectives: suivant/prochain. In particular, the attention will be drawn to the analysis of a French adjective suivant in the sense of a deadjectival noun which reveals its polysemic nature, both in the conventionalized and derivative form. Within the course of linguistic analysis, based on Frantext corpus, the notions of family resemblance as proposed by Wittgenstein, prototype theory delineated by Rosch or motivating impulse coined by Vandeloise will be taken into consideration to successfully account for the polysemic potential of the aforementioned deadjectival noun.

Katarzyna Wołowska: The relation of syntactic coordination as a realisation of a semic connection in a linguistic paradox

Katarzyna Wołowska
John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin,
Poland

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The relation of syntactic coordination as a realisation
of a semic connection in a linguistic paradox

The semantic mechanism of a linguistic paradox can be described as a phenomenon based on a simultaneous occurrence of two basic relations – opposition and connection – to which belong the same units of sense (semes) occurring on the same syntagmatic axis of discourse. The subject of this article is one of these relations, namely the relation of connection, and more precisely speaking, one of its realizations on the morpho-syntactic level (in French), that is the syntactic coordination. It is a prototypical expression of the relation of connection, which takes place between opposing semes in paradoxes. The syntactic realization of this relation in coordinating structures is not limited to the simplest construction X I Y, but also embraces other morpho-syntactic structures (constructions with ALE, juxtaposition of equivalent independent clauses, etc.) in which the relation of coordination is more implicit. An interesting case seem also to be coordinative syntactic constructions (in which a clear indication of coordination appears, which is the pronoun I), where the opposing elements – in spite of the fact that formally they seem to be connected on the morpho-syntactic level – in reality do not appear in the relation of connection, where the interpretation of a given sequence as paradoxical is blocked by other factors, especially factors of a semantic nature.

Janusz Bień: The Spanish language in face of some typological tendencies

Janusz Bień
John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin,
Poland

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The Spanish language in face of some typological tendencies

The article is a survey of the main parameters applied in both partial typology as well as global typology of languages and is an attempt to confront the Spanish language with these parameters.
There is no doubt that Spanish (as well as other Romanic languages and Polish) is a language of the middle, both amongst the totality of the languages of the world as well as with reference to the parameters used in partial typology, especially in comparison to the typological features of Polish. Spanish seems to be a moderately economic language on the lexical and morphological field and relatively redundant on the syntactic plane. In comparison with the synthetic Polish, Spanish is a relatively analytic language. Typological theories accent a bigger difference between Romanic languages and Slavonic ones in this respect.
The remarks contained in this article certainly require a further development as well as a confirmation based on the corpus of parallel sentences.

Izabela Krawczyk: Internal modifications of phraseological units on the example of contemporary press reports

Izabela Krawczyk
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Internal modifications of phraseological units
on the example of contemporary press reports

Being ready-made lexical units, phraseological units take many forms in journalistic texts; sometimes only a part of them is evoked or they are modified on an ad hoc basis with the aim to attract the text recipient’s attention through compelling him or her to put mental effort into the identification and comparison of the modified structure with its conventionalised use. Such transformations of phraseological units reveal contents potentially hidden in them, which are updated in unexpected contexts and exploit their emotional charge in order to win the recipient’s support for one’s political arguments. The examples of the non-conventionalised uses of phraseological units in contemporary German political journalism presented in this study mirror linguistic invention and journalistic persuasion.

Joanna Pędzisz: Speaker identity in the political talk-show

Joanna Pędzisz
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Speaker identity in the political talk-show

The aim of the article is to present the speaker identity (Sprecheridentiät), which is realised by guests of the political talk-shows (politicians and celebrities) in their speech acts. The paper discusses the relation between the speech acts and the speaker identity including guests’ conversational point of view. The empirical basis of the research are 39 speech acts from the political talk-show directed by Sabine Christiansen, broadcast by German TV channel ARD:

  1. „Berliner Besatzungscouch – wie erfolgreich wird das neue Kabinett?“ (16.10.2005)
  2. „Große Koalition – großes Chaos?“ (6.11.2005)
  3. „Der Koalitionsvertrag steht: Großer Wurf oder fauler Kompromiss?“ (13.11.2005)
  4. „Deutschland – bald wieder Spitze in Europa?“ (20.11.2005)
Robert Skoczek: Exemplification of selected reduced forms in conversation as a feature of endogenic pronunciation standard

Robert Skoczek
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Exemplification of selected reduced forms in conversation
as a feature of endogenic pronunciation standard

The previous norms of the standard German pronunciation consciously coded the highest phonostylistic plane and imposed orthophonetic patterns, which generally deviated from their realisation in everyday linguistic interactions, in which the standard German pronunciation enriched with reduction processes was used. In order to balance the disparities, studies on a new codification of pronunciation are currently being undertaken, which are based not only on numerous sociolinguistic questionnaires but also take into account the diversity of German pronunciation as used in everyday situations. A number of sociophonetic studies prove that many native speakers of standard German actually expect the orthophonic norms to open to the lower phonostylistic levels, which are characteristic to every spontaneously generated act of oral linguistic communication. This paper makes an attempt at exemplifying typical reduced forms by making them evident with the use of spectrographic method and by determining their cause. The aim of the paper is also to draw German phonetics teachers’ attention to these universal linguistic processes, which for a long time have been discredited by the pronunciation dictionaries as belonging to a pejoratively understood category of colloquial language.

Barbara Hlibowicka-Węglarz: On the origin of Creole languages – the universal theory

Barbara Hlibowicka-Węglarz
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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On the origin of Creole languages – the universal theory

There are many hypotheses and theories about the origin of Creole languages. Most of them were developed in XX century. According to some of the theories all Creole languages have a common origin and come from a so called protolanguage, which comes from the XV century and has been developed along the west coast of Africa (monogenesis). Others claim that Creole languages have been developed due to the contact and mix of many languages (polygenesis).
The aim of the article presented below is to outline one of many different theories of the origin of Creole languages, the so called universal theory. According to this theory Creole languages – like other natural languages, although they were formed under specific conditions – arose because of a biological program which is embedded in our minds and which is genetically passed over from generation to generation.

Justyna Wiśniewska: Verbal periphrases expressing iterativity

Justyna Wiśniewska
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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Verbal periphrases expressing iterativity

The article is an attempt to analyse several verbal periphrases which represent one of aspectual values, namely iterativity. The study is based on the views and assumptions of such linguists as A. T. de Castilho (1967), B. Hlibowicka-Węglarz (1998), J. Almeida (1980), J. Roca Pons (1958). In terms of the intensity of repetition, the division of iterativity proposed by A.T. De Castilho has been adopted, in which the finite and infinite iterative aspectual values are recognised according to the repetition of durative or punctual situations. All observations have been illustrated with examples from contemporary literary texts.
Starting with the premise that the aspectual value of each of the analysed periphrases is the value of the configuration of its two components (the auxiliary verb and the main verb), it was found that the Portuguese language possesses verbal periphrases which express the iterative aspectual value even in the absence of other elements in a sentence. The analysis also revealed that verbal periphrases representing other aspectual values may express iterativity when accompanied by such exponents as an appropriate tense or adverbial phrases. The compatibility of the analysed auxiliary verbs with the four aspectual classes proposed by Z. Vendler was another issue taken into account in the analysis.
The analysis led to the conclusion that verbal periphrases are one of the most representative means of expressing iterativity in Portuguese.

Foreign language teaching

Jarosław Krajka: ICT in the Foreign Philology Curriculum – Towards a Systematic Approach to E-Teacher Training

Jarosław Krajka
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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ICT in the Foreign Philology Curriculum –
Towards a Systematic Approach to E-Teacher Training

The significance of educational technology, computers and the Internet, in the work of a foreign language teacher is not to be questioned nowadays. The dynamic development of new technologies, the expansion of the Internet in every single sphere of life together with a significant decrease in the price of educational software and office applications, all add a new dimension to the foreign language instruction, by providing the elements of authenticity, recency, variety, choice and interactivity to increase the effectiveness of the teaching process. Thus, in order to enhance language teaching a proper consideration of ICT teacher training needs to be done in the context of official requirements for teacher education, as well as future teachers' needs when confronted with the technical possibilities they may come across in their everyday practice.
The aim of the present paper is to develop a systematic approach to teacher development for the digital era. Specific guidelines on how to integrate particular phases of digital teacher development across the modern philology curriculum will be given in detail.

Barbara Sadownik: On the relationship between explicit and implicit grammar knowledge in the process of foreign language acquisition

Barbara Sadownik
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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On the relationship between explicit and implicit grammar knowledge
in the process of foreign language acquisition

The article deals with the topic of extremely complex relations between metalinguistic knowledge, or explicit knowledge of grammar, and implicit knowledge, in the process of foreign language acquisition at school. The main research question is whether and to what extent explicit language knowledge facilitates the process of development of formal competence in a foreign language. The author pinpoints the fact that the theoretical status of the differentiation between explicit and implicit knowledge has not yet been fully explained in the studies of second/foreign language acquisition.
While it is argued by developmental psychologists that any knowledge evolves in mind and is transformed from explicit/declarative into implicit/automated during the cognitive process, it is generally held in the psycholinguistic literature that there is no correlation between these two types of knowledge. Intuitive knowledge and conscious knowledge of language, or, in other words, procedural and declarative, constitute two separate systems of knowledge. The author holds the opinion that the effectiveness of explicit and implicit systems of grammar knowledge needs to be viewed in a distinct way.

Magdalena Sowa: Learning/teaching speaking and writing in the institutional context – the case of Polish learners of French

Magdalena Sowa
John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin,
Poland

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Learning/teaching speaking and writing in the institutional context –
the case of Polish learners of French

The context of foreign language acquisition, the order of acquisition, as well as language habits, do exert great influence on the way language is used by learners, both in speech and in writing.
The present article was inspired by hypotheses on the specific nature of L2 speech and writing as well as the role which is played by the institutional context of acquisition in their development. The hypotheses included in the present paper were verified on the basis of the corpus of empirical data obtained from advanced Polish learners of French. The confirmation of the hypotheses enables the present author to put forward certain didactic implications related to teaching/learning speaking and writing in L2, which seem to be relevant for the conditions of language education in the school context.

Reviews

Witold Konstanty Pietrzak, Le Tragique dans les nouvelles exemplaires en France au XVIe siècle. Łódź:Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, 2006, 445 p. Reviewed by Krzysztof Sobczyński

Krzysztof Sobczyński
John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin,
Poland

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Review of Witold Konstanty Pietrzak, Le Tragique dans les nouvelles exemplaires en France au XVIe siècle. Łódź:Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, 2006, 445 p.

Kirsten Adamzik, Textlinguistik. Eine einführende Darstellung. Tübingen: Niemeyer, 2004, 176 S. Reviewed by Waldemar Czachur

Waldemar Czachur
University of Warsaw,
Poland

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Review of Kirsten Adamzik, Textlinguistik. Eine einführende Darstellung. Tübingen: Niemeyer, 2004, 176 S.

List of reviewers

Issue 27, 2003

Articles

Literature

Anna KALEWSKA: Monstros marinhos em exemplos escolhidos de literatura portuguesa

Anna KALEWSKA

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Aleksandra KĘDZIERSKA: The Diamond Turned Ash: Some Remarks on Barańczak's Translation of G. M. Hopkins's „As Kingfishers Catch Fire”

Aleksandra KĘDZIERSKA

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Sławomir WĄCIOR: The Imagist Amalgam – A Textual Mapping of Richard Aldington's Poems in Des Imagistes 1914

Sławomir WĄCIOR

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Linguistics

Renata Kinga ADAMCZYK: Zum Head-Status von Präfixen im Deutschen

Renata Kinga ADAMCZYK

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Eliza CHABROS: Analyse gattungstypischer metaphorischer Modelle im neueren deutschsprachigen Kindergedicht

Eliza CHABROS

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HLIBOWICKA-WĘGLARZ Barbara: Os processos de formação dos pidgins e dos crioulos

Barbara Hlibowicka-Węglarz

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Edyta KRÓLIK: Algumas considerações acerca do emprego do pretérito perfeito simples e do pretérito perfeito composto

Edyta KRÓLIK

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Monika RADZISZEWSKA: Bedrohen Anglizismen die deutsche Sprache?

Monika RADZISZEWSKA

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Agnieszka SIEDLANOWSKA: Die katholische Predigt im Lichte der Textlinguistik – einige Bemerkungen zur Symbolpredigt von Willi Hoffsümmer

Agnieszka SIEDLANOWSKA

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Katarzyna WOŁOWSKA: La négociation implicite. Les traces d'une négociation conversationelle dans le discours monologal

Katarzyna WOŁOWSKA

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Stanisław K. ŻEBROWSKI: Un Trésor de cataphores. L'analyse de la chaîne thématique d'Arthur Trésor dans le roman Noir de Françoise Lalande

Stanisław K. ŻEBROWSKI

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Foreign language teaching

Joanna OLSZOWA: Der Konstruktivismus – ein „Paradigmawechsel” im Fremdsprachenlernen und -lehren?

Joanna OLSZOWA

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Reviews

Jürgen Quetz/ Gerhard von der Handt (Hrsg.): Neue Sprachen lehren und lernen: Fremdsprachenunterricht in der Weiterbildung. Deutsches Institut für Erwachsenenbildung Bielefeld: Bertelsmann 2002 (Perspektive Praxis). Reviewed by Sabina Barczyk

Sabina Barczyk

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Roman Mnich: Category of symbols and Biblical symbolism in XXth century poetry. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej, Lublin, 2002. Reviewed by Mykoła Zymomrya/Wojciech Kowalski

Mykoła Zymomrya/Wojciech Kowalski

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Norbert Mappes-Niediek: Österreich für Deutsche. Einblicke in ein fremdes Land. Ch. Links Verlag, Berlin, 2002. Reviewed by Andrzej Materna

Andrzej Materna

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In Memoriam

Profesor Tadeusz Namowicz (1938-2003). Written by Izabella Golec

Izabella Golec

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Miscellaneus

Argemiro PROCÓPIO: A unipolaridade e o desequilíbrio do terror

Argemiro PROCÓPIO

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Issue 26, 2002

Articles

Literature

GRZESIAK Czesław: La création romanesque de Robert Pinget

GRZESIAK Czesław

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JAROSZ Natalia: Model świata przedstawionego w przekładzie poetyckim

JAROSZ Natalia

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KUCHARSKA Anna: La transformation de Pantalon chez Carlo Goldoni

KUCHARSKA Anna

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OŻARSKA Magdalena: The Presentation of the Animal Sphere in Christopher Smart's Jubilate Agno

OŻARSKA Magdalena

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PISARSKA Katarzyna: The Fool in Shakespeare's Comedies A Study in the Typology of the Character

PISARSKA Katarzyna

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WIATER Eliza: De la Piazza Navona à Rome à la littérature baroque en France – la subversion roussetienne

WIATER Eliza

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Linguistics

CHABROS Eliza: Nominationsfunktion der okkasionellen Wortbildungskonstruktionen in der deutschen Kinderliteratur der Gegenwart

CHABROS Eliza

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HLIBOWICKA-WĘGLARZ Barbara Wpływ języka tupi na język portugalski w Brazylii geral)

Barbara Hlibowicka-Węglarz

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HLIBOWICKA-WĘGLARZ
: Barbara Wpływ języków afrykańskich na język portugalski w Brazylii

Barbara Hlibowicka-Węglarz

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Foreign language teaching

KRÓL Barbara: Implications of studies on expertise in pedagogy of teacher education

KRÓL Barbara

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Reviews

Erika Diehl/ Helen Christen/ Sandra Leuenberger/ Isabelle Pelvat/ Thérèse Studer Grammatikunterricht Alles für der Katz? Untersuchungen zum Zweitsprachenerweb Deutsch. Max Niemeyer Verlag, Tübingen, 2000. Reviewed by Sabina Barczyk

Sabina Barczyk

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Clemens Bahlmann/ Eva Breindl/ Hans-Dieter Dräxler/ Karin Ende/ Günter Storch, Unterwegs. Lehrwerk für die Mittelstufe. Deutsch als Fremdsprache. Langenscheidt, Berlin und München, 1998. Reviewed by Lucyna Krzysiak

Lucyna Krzysiak

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Stephen Pinker Der Sprachinstikt. Wie der Geist die Sprache bildet. Munchen Knaur, 1998. Reviewed by Joanna Olszowa

Joanna Olszowa

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List of reviewers

Issue 25, 2001

Articles

Literature

BIZEK-TATARA Renata: Les antidotes contre la peur dans Les Histoires Singulières de Jean Muno

BIZEK-TATARA Renata

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GRZESIAK Czesław: Principaux aspects de la création littéraire de Claude Simon

GRZESIAK Czesław

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PILIPOWICZ Andrzej: Die Befreiung von der Vergangenheit in H. E. Nossacks Erzählungen Der Untergang und Nekyia

PILIPOWICZ Andrzej

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Jolanta RACHWALSKA VON REJCHWALD A la recherche de l'intimité. Quelques propos sur l'espace romanesque XIXe du: siècle

Jolanta RACHWALSKA REJCHWALD VON:

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RUTKA Anna: Das zerfallende Ich in der zerfallenden Wirklichkeit. Zu einigen Hörspielen von Ursula Krechel

RUTKA Anna

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Linguistics

HLIBOWICKA-WĘGLARZ
: Barbara O sistema aspectual da língua polaca e da portuguesa (algumas observações de carácter

Barbara Hlibowicka-Węglarz

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KRIEGER Jolanta: Paraverbale Ausdrücke in der Textsorte Comic. Eine Auswertung unter kommunikativ-pragmatischen Aspekt

KRIEGER Jolanta

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KUCZERSKI Jerzy: Zjawiska rosyjskiej kultury społecznej okresu przedrewolucyjnego jako zagadnienie translatorskie

KUCZERSKI Jerzy

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MATERNA Andrzej: Ironie und Bewerten. Zur wertenden Potenz ironischer Äußerungen in der Sprache der Politik

MATERNA Andrzej

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SOBIESZEWSKA Marta: Chaîne thématique d'André Mariolle dans Notre coeur de Guy de Maupassant

SOBIESZEWSKA Marta

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Issue 24, 2000

Articles

Literature

CHARĘZIŃSKA Anna: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Lublin, Poland

Anna Charęzińska
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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KĘDZIERSKA Aleksandra: “Saved in Translation”: The Polish Reception of Gerard Manley Hopkins's Poetry

Aleksandra Kędzierska
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
Lublin, Poland

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KRIEGIER Jolanta: Ingrid Samel: Einführung in die feministische
Sprachwissenschaft. Erich Schmidt Verlag, Berlin 1995

Jolanta Krieger
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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MATIASZEWSKI Paweł: Edmund Burke et les Lumières

Paweł Matyaszewski
John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin,
Poland

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MORAWSKA Natalia: Irony in Elizabeth Bowen’s short story “The Easter Egg Party”

Natalia Morawska
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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PILIPOWICZ Andrzej: Die Polarität zwischen Spreche un Schweigen im Werk von Hans Erich Nossack

Andrzej Pilipowicz

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PLESKOT Elżbieta: El narrador y el lector en La ruta de Don Quijote de José Martínez Ruiz, Azorín

Elżbieta Pleskot
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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TOMCZUK Dorota: Babylon als Sinnbild für die Großstadt aller Zeiten: Die Raumkonzeption in Ein Engel kommt nach Babylon von Friedrich Dürrenmatt

Dorota Tomczuk
John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin,
Poland

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Linguistics

HLIBOWICKA-WĘGLARZ Barbara: O sistema aspectual da língua polaca e da portuguesa (algumas observações de carácter geral)

Barbara Hlibowicka-Węglarz
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University,
Lublin, Poland

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ŚWIĘCIŃSKI Radosław: Vowel Retraction Before Dark /l/

Radosław Święciński

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List of reviewers

Issue 21, 1997

Articles

Literature

FALSKA Maria: Lo sartreano en Escuadra hacia la muerte de Alfonso Sastre

FALSKA Maria

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KĘDZIERSKA Aleksandra: God and Death in the English Poetry of World War I

KĘDZIERSKA Aleksandra

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LALKE Izabela: „Eine in ihrer Natürlichkeit grenzenlose Lebensweise!” Kampf um die Einschränkung in Kafkas Beschreibung eines Kampfes

LALKE Izabela

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MICHALUK Marta: Der Hof und die gesellschaftlichen Verhältnisse in der Residenzstadt Weimar (1775-1806)

MICHALUK Marta

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OŻARSKA Magdalena: The Comeback of the Poetic Style of the Bible into the Eighteenth Century as Reflected in Christopher Smart's Jubilate Agno

OŻARSKA Magdalena

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RACHWALSKA-REJCHWALD Jolanta: Portaits féminins en antithèse dans Madame Bovary de Flaubert

RACHWALSKA-REJCHWALD Jolanta

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RACHWALSKA-REJCHWALD Jolanta: Portaits masculins en antithèse dans Madame Bovary

RACHWALSKA-REJCHWALD Jolanta

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RUTKA Anna: Zur verweisenden Funktion der Tiere als Nebenfiguren und der Tierbezeichnungen bei Franz Kafka

RUTKA Anna

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SIEDLECKA Anna: La mort dans la structure spatio-temporelle dans Escurial et La Balade du Grand Macabre de Michel de Ghelderode

SIEDLECKA Anna

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SIWEK Małgorzata: Noble Savages or Thorough Savages? Encounters with Indians in four 19th Century American Travel Narratives

SIWEK Małgorzata

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Linguistics

KUBEJKO Ilona: Skizze einer Evolution des Präsuppositionsbegriffes in den linguistischen Theorien

KUBEJKO Ilona

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MAZUR Małgorzata: Packungsbeilage als Textmuster

MAZUR Małgorzata

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ŻMUDZKI Jerzy: Konsekutivdolmetschen – eine Typologie

ŻMUDZKI Jerzy

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HLIBOWICKA-WĘGLARZ Barbara: Os auxiliares pontuais na língua portuguesa

HLIBOWICKA-WĘGLARZ Barbara

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Foreign language teaching

CHODKIEWICZ Halina: Words and Their Meanings from the Perspective of a Foreign Language Teacher

CHODKIEWICZ Halina

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HAHN Hans-Joachim: Auswertung und Analyse eines Seminars zur Einführung in die Literaturwissenschaft(en). Ein Beitrag zur Curriculums-Diskussion

HAHN Hans-Joachim

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MALEŃCZYK-BOGUSZEWSKA Halina: Die Funktion von Texten im fremdsprachlichen Lehr- und Lernprozeß

MALEŃCZYK-BOGUSZEWSKA Halina

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Reviews

KRIEGER Jolanta: Germanistische Werkstatt Opole 1997

KRIEGER Jolanta

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FRELIK Paweł: G. Hoffman/A. Hornung (eds.), Emotion in Postmodernism. American Studies – A Monograph Series, vol. 74. Universitätsverlag C. Winter, Heidelberg, 1997.

FRELIK Paweł

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JANOWSKA Dorota: Steven Carter, Leopards in the Temple: Studies in American Popular Culture. International Scholars Publications, San Francisco, 1997.

JANOWSKA Dorota

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List of reviewers

Issue 19, 1995

Articles

Literature

Stephen CARTER: „Hail Nothing Full of Nothing”: A Note on Hemingway and Tolstoy

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Maria FALSKA: Quelques réflexions sur l’enfance et le passé – deux sources de la personnalité du héros dans les pièces noires de Jean Anouilh

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Aleksandra KĘDZIERSKA: Nature and War in the Trench Poems of Isaac Rosenberg

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Marta MICHALUK: Das Weimarer Theater unter Goethes Leitung

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Urszula TERENTOWICZ: The World and the Word in The Waves by Virginia Woolf

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Linguistics

Ireneusz CHOMIUK: Wilhelm Viëtors Aussprache des Schriftdeutschen. Ein Analyseversuch zum 110. Jahrestag der Erstausgabe

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Jolanta KRIEGER: Onomatopoetik in Eigennamen in der Kinderliteratur. Einige textlinguistische Bemerkungen

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Jerzy ŻMUDZKI: Was bestimmt den Erfolg des Konsekutivdolmetschens

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Foreign language teaching

Barbara SADOWNIK: Der Grammatikerwerb im Rahmen des Lernbarkeitsansatzes

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Edyta ZAŁUBINIAK: Zu den Möglichkeiten und Grenzen des computergestützten Fremdsprachenunterrichts

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Reviews

The Cambridge History of American Literature. Volume One: 1590-1820. Sacvan Bercovitch, ed. New York and London: Cambridge University Press, 1994. Reviewed by Jerzy Durczak

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Agata Preis-Smith: “Inventions of Farewell”: American Elegiac Poetry from the Puritans to Modern Times. Warszawa: University of Warsaw, Institute of English Studies, 1995. Reviewed by Joanna Durczak

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Hartmut Eggert/Erhard Schütz/Peter Sprengel (Hrsg.): Faszination des Organischen. Konjunkturen einer Kategorie der Moderne. München: Iudicium-Verlag, 1995. Reviewed by Janusz Golec

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G. Häublein/M. Müller/P. Rusch/T. Scherling/L. Wertenschlag: Memo. Wortschatz- und Fertigkeitstraining zum Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache. Berlin und München: Langenscheidt, 1995. Reviewed by Lucyna Krzysiak

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Miscellaneus

Jan SŁOWIŃSKI: Transkrypcja fonetyczna w komputerowych edytorach tekstu

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List of reviewers

Issue 16, 1992

Articles

Literature

DURCZAK Jerzy: Autobiography Studies in America

DURCZAK Jerzy

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GOLEC Janusz: Einige Anmerkungen zum Österreichischen in der Prosa Joseph Roths

GOLEC Janusz

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MIKRUT Leszek: Protest przeciw teraźniejszości z historycznej perspektywy powieści Mirowicz Grzegorza Danilewskiego

MIKRUT Leszek

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PHILIPPI Klaus-Peter: Günter Grass: Mythos, Geschichte und die Grenzen der Aufklärung heute

PHILIPPI Klaus-Peter

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ZEZULA Barbara: Der Untergang der Donaumonarchie in dem Roman Felix Brauns Agnes Altkirchner

ZEZULA Barbara

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Linguistics

KASPEROWICZ Beata: Chomsky's Syntaxmodell und seine fremdsprachenmethodologische Adaptation

KASPEROWICZ Beata

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NOWICKA Irena: Zu syntaktischen Reflexen der Genera und Numeri

NOWICKA Irena

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Foreign language teaching

KAROLAK Ireneusz: L'enseignement et l'apprentissage des langues vivantes dans un nouveau contexte socio-culturel

KAROLAK Ireneusz

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Reviews

DURCZAK Joanna: Roger Gilbert: Walks in the World: Representation and Experience in Modern American Poetry. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1991, pp. 290.

DURCZAK Joanna

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GOLEC Izabela: Reto Hänny: Am Boden des Kopfes. Verwirrungen eines Mitteleuropäers in Mitteleuropa. Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt am Main, 1991.

GOLEC Izabela

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List of reviewers

Issue 15, 1987

Articles

Literature

Jerzy DURCZAK: Galway Kinnell’s Didacticism a Difference

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Marek DZIUBA: Aus Achtung vor den Opfern: Manfred Frankes “Mordverläufe. Ein Protokoll von der Angst, von Mißhandlung und Tod, vom Auffinden der Spuren und deren Wiederentdeckung”

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Izabela GOLEC: Das Herz und seine Rechte – zur Darstellung der Ehegründung durch den Adel im deutschen bürgerlichen Drama der zweiten Hälfte des 18. Jahrhunderts

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Marek JAKUBÓW: Tendenzen in der Ironieauffasung der Restaurationszeit

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Magdalena KAMIŃSKA: The Image of Byzantium in William Butler Yeats’s Poetry

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Ulrich KAUFMANN: Kaum Platz für Georg Büchner – Zu ersten Versuchen mit “Woyzeck” und “Dantons Tod” in der Nachkriegszeit

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Leszek MIKRUT: Istoriczeskije stiudy Grigorija Danilewskogo

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Jan MIZIŃSKI: Abschied von der Monarchie. Joseph Roth und Jaroslav Hašek

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Jadwiga PIĄTKOWSKA: On the Paradoxes of the Reception of Orwell’s Works in Poland

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Linguistics

Elżbieta KOWALSKA: Die Sprachphilosophie Wilhelm von Humboldts. Versuch einer Interpretation

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Wojciech KOWALSKI: Über die Finität (II)

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Grażyna KRYSZCZUK: Die Reihenfolge der Satzglieder im Deutschen und im Polnischen

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Przemysław ŁOZOWSKI: Some Notes on Wulfstan’s Preference for “dryhten” to hӕlend”

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Marek PIOTROWSKI: Phonetic Transfer in Teaching English: Towards Individualised Teaching of Phonetics

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Jerzy ŻMUDZKI: Das Gelingen und Erfolgreichsein der Sprechhandlung und die sprachlich-kommunikative Norm

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Reviews and interviews

Philippe Lejeune: On Autobiography. Ed. Paul John Eakin. Trans. Katherine Leary. Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, 1989. Reviewed by Jerzy Durczak

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Janusz GOLEC: Die Dichter im Kampf gegen den Krieg

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Janusz GOLEC: ”Sum” czyli dysocjacja jaźni

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Tadeusz Edward Domański: Grammaire du polonais. Presses Universitaires de Vincennes. Université de Paris VIII, 1988. Reviewed by Barbara Hlibowicka-Węglarz

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Halina LUDOROWSKA: “Es steckt nicht wenig Idealismus in dieser Arbeit..." (Gespräch mit Dr. Eduard Merian)

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JHalina LUDOROWSKA: Gespräch mit Helmut Richter

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H. Wode: Einführung in die Psycholinguistik. Theorien, Methoden, Ergebnisse, 1. Aufl., Ismaning: Max Hueber, 1988. Reviewed by Barbara Sadownik

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Andrzej Głowacki: Królestwo Holandii. Koninkrijk der Nederlanden. Polityczne ABC. Warszawa, KAW, 1984. Reviewed by Jan Watrak

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Andrzej Głowacki: System polityczny Holandii. Szczecin, Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Pedagogicznej w Szczecinie, 1983. Reviewed by Jan Watrak
Andrzej Głowacki: System polityczny Holandii. Szczecin, Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Pedagogicznej w Szczecinie, 1983. Reviewed by Jan Watrak
Dorota i Norbert Morciniec: Historia literatury niderlandzkiej. Wrocław i in., Ossolineum, 1985. Reviewed by Jan Watrak

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List of reviewers

Issue 13, 1984

Articles

Literature

BEDNARCZYK-SOŁTYS Wiesława, TOMIKOWSKA-IWANÓW Małgorzata: Powieść paraboliczna o ludzkim losie

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BRONIKOWSKA Jolanta: Einige Bemerkungen zur Anwendung de Zitats im Roman „Malina” von Ingeborg Bachmann

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BRYMORA Mariusz: The Use of Language and the Problem of Communication in Harold Pinter’s Selected Plays

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CICHOŃ Maria: L’utilisation du texte littéraire dans l’enseignement du francais – aspects méthodologiques et stratégies pédagogiques

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GŁOWACKA-IWANIUK Ewa: La dialectique de l’apparence et de la réalité dans le « Balcon » de Jean Genet

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GOROSTIZA Magdalena: "Bez dogmatu" a wzorzec europejskiego romansu miłosnego

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IWIŃSKIJ Pawieł: Stanowlenije epopei nowogo tipa

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KACZYŃSKI Mieczysław: Quelques remarques sur le roman "Les Blouses" de Jules Vallès

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KAUFMANN Ulrich: Brechts "Marx-Beschreibungen" und ihre Folgen – Anmerkungen zu lyrischen Marx-Porträts

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KĘDZIERSKA Aleksandra: Prawda a mit. Szkic o angielskiej poezji Wielkiej Wojny

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KOZIEŁ Małgorzata: Le héros absurde dans „Caligula” d’Albert Camus et dans „Rhinocéros” d’Eugène Ionesco

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KUDUK Alicja: Reflexionen w lekturze „Krzyżaków” Henryka Sienkiewicza

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KUSTRZEBA Jan Andrzej: Karabin i pióro. Temat I wojny światowej w literaturze niemieckiej

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MIKRUT Leszek: Tołstojowskie inspiracje w „Spalonej Moskwie” Grzegorza Danilewskiego

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NOWICKI Wojciech: „Genero picaresco”: the picaresque novel in Spain in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries

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ORŁOWSKA Alina: Poemat religijno-filozoficzny Michała Chieraskowa “Włodzimierz”

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TOMIKOWSKA Małgorzata: O lekturach młodego czytelnika

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WAWRZYCZEK Irmina: Obraz Indian północnoamerykańskich na głównych etapach rozwoju teorii antropologicznej

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ZWIERZYŃSKI Dariusz: Crowned Villainy – Shakespeare’s „Richard III”

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Linguistics

BARTELS Gerhard: Verknüpfung sprachlicher Mittel und Kompatibilität

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CIEŚLA Michał: Problemy językowe w wielonarodowościowej monarchii habsburskiej

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KARDELA Henryk: On WH-islands in Polish

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KOSYL Czesław: Próba charakterystyki porównawczej leksyki polskiej i węgierskiej

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KOWALSKI Wojciech: Zur menschlichen Perspektive in der Sprache

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KRYSZCZUK Grażyna: Die Funktionen des Verbs in den technischen Pachtexten – eine konfrontative Darstellung

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SEMCZUK Teresa: Zur Semantik der Modalverben im Deutschen

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SIENKIEWICZ Jan: Formy imperatywne w rosyjskich tekstach epistolarnych XVII wieku

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ŻMUDZKI Jerzy: Vom „Sprechakt” zum „Text”

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ŻUROWSKA-ŚWIECA Anna: Zur Theorie und Praxis konfrontativer Untersuchungen

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Foreign language teaching

KOZŁOWSKI Aleksander: Stan i perspektywy dydaktyki języków obcych w Republice Federalnej Niemiec

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MALESZEWSKA-LIPIŃSKA Grażyna: Błąd językowy i jego źródła w powiązaniu z teorią transferu oraz interjęzyka

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PIERZCHALSKA Elżbieta: Testing Writing Skills

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Issue 12, 1983

Articles

Literature

CONORT Benoît: Réécriture d’un mythe et fondation de l’écriture dans Aux Arbres d’Yves Bonnefoy

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DAHLET Patrick: Itinéraires d’une Composition Croisée Man Ray/Paul Eluard

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DAHLET Véronique: La Narration chez Robert Pinget ou la Résorption du Personage

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DZIUBA Marek: Einige Bemerkungen zum Tatsachenroman als einer literarischen Ausdrucksform

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GOLEC Izabella: Das Standesethos des Adels im 18. Jahrhundert

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GRZESIAK Czesław: La pérégrination dans le Nouveau Roman

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JANISZEWSKI Adam: Bernard Malamud’s epiphanies

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KAUFMANN Sabine: Űber Kinder, die Anders sind. Gedanken zur Literatur über behinderte Kinder – ausgewählte Beispiele der jüngsten DDR-Literatur

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KAUFMANN Ulrich: „Ich habe nichts Gemeineres gesehen” (Kästner) – vor 50 Jahren fand die Bücherverbrennung statt

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KLAUSS Jochen: Das Lustspiel „Der alte Student” (1828) und die Operette „Der Bettelstudent” (1882) – Ein Vergleich

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LUDOROWSKA Halina: Michael – dziennik faszystowskiej idei

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MAZUR Zbigniew: The Savage and the Concept of „Civility” in Sixteenth-Century English Travel Reports

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MACIEJOWSKI Maciej: Mechanized paradise – Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.’s Player Piano as an example of modern antyutopia

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MAZUR-KĘBŁOWSKA Ewa: Erwägungen zum Begriff „Expresionismus”

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MIKRUT Leszek: Literackie mistyfikacje

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PÖTHE Angelika: Weltsicht und künstlerische Mittel in Carl Gustav Jochmanns „Reiseblättern” aus England

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PRZECHODZKI Eligiusz: Samuel Bogumił Linde jako prekursor literaturoznawstwa porównawczego w Polsce

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WATRAK Jan: Tradition und Durchbruch. Bemerkungen zur Situation der deutschschweizerischen Lyrik nach 1945

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WARAKOMSKI Jerzy: A Typology of Graffiti (Part 2)

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WĄCIOR Sławomir: Key Concepts in Thomas Traherner’s Poetry

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ZWIERZYŃSKI Dariusz: The Problem of Loyalty and Rebelion in Shakespeare’s Richard II and Henry IV

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Linguistics

ENDERMANN Heinz: Orthographische Probleme in althochdeutscher Zeit

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KARDELA Henryk: A Note on Pro-drop Parameter

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KOWALSKI Wojciech: Zum theoretischen Modell des Tempussystems im Deutschen

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KRUKOWSKA Elżbieta: Deutsche Zusammensetzungen vom Typ „schneeweiss” und ihre Entsprechungen im Polnischen

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KRYSZCZUK Grażyna: Morfologia czasownika w niemieckich tekstach technicznych

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SCHATTE Christoph: Sinnkriterien zur semantischen Abgrenzung kausativer Sätze von anderen

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SIENKIEWICZ Jan: Iz istorii wzgliadow na proischożdienije russkogo litieraturnogo języka w XIX wiekie

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Foreign language teaching

KOZŁOWSKI Aleksander: Dobór i selekcja tekstów do nauczania języków obcych

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MALEŃCZYK Halina: Möglichkeiten der Autokontrolle und-korektur im Hör-Sprech-Labor und Hör-Sprech-Aufnahme-Labor

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NOWICKA Irena: Kilka uwag o fleksji rzeczownika w języku niemieckim

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SCHATTE Czesława: Hinführung zur produktiven Verwendung erweiterter präpositiver Partizipialattribute des Deutschen

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Issue 11, 1982

Articles

Literature

DZIUBA Marek: Zum Begriff der Pflicht im Roman „Deutschstunde” von Siegfried Lenz

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GOLEC Janusz: Die Dramen August Stramms

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GRZESIAK Czesław: Le lecteur face au Nouveau Roman

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KAZUBEK Henryka: Haben Einzelgänger ihre Doppelgänger? Beitrag zu Martin Walsers Novelle „Ein fliehendes Pferd”

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KĘDZIERSKA Aleksandra: Isaac Rosenberg’s Dead Man’s Dump – Attempt at Interpretation

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KLAUSS Jochen: Polenbezüge in der deutschen publikumswirksamen Literatur zu Beginn des 19. Jahrhunderts

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KOWALCZYK Witold: O specyfice gatunkowej prozy Mikołaja Karamzina

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KUTNIK Jerzy: Charles Olson and Frank O’Hara: The Poetics of Action

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MATECKA Małgorzata: Wincenty Wieriesajew w krytyce rosyjskiej i radzieckiej. Stan i perspektywy badań

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NAWROT Tomasz: Der Kriegsnaturalismus im Kriegstagebuch „In Stahlgewittern” von Ernst Jünger

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ORŁOWSKI Jan: Polonica w poezji Mikołaja Agniwcewa

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PALEŃ Grażyna: Troska o przyszłość, pamięć o przeszłości (O twórczości Wiktora Astafiewa)

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WĄCIOR Sławomir: Ariel Poems – The Focal Period of T. S. Eliot’s Poetic Development

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Linguistics

GUSSMANN Edward: Consonantal Alternations in Polish and English. A Survey of Research Problems

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KARDELA Henryk: Trace and PRO – A Spurious Distinction?

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KLEPARSKI Grzegorz: Some Remarks on the Notion „Semantic Component”

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KRYSZCZUK Grażyna: Konstrukcje bierne w niemieckim tekście technicznym

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MALICKA-KLEPARSKA Anna: Conditional Lexicon in Lexicalist Morphology

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PIOTROWSKI Marek: Nasal Assimilation in English – Morphological/Phonological/Phonetic? Alternative Analyses

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SEMCZUK Teresa: Zur Temporalität im Deutschen

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SIENKIEWICZ Jan: O formie 3 osoby singularis imperativu w historii języka rosyjskiego

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SZPYRA Jolanta: Spirantization in English

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SZYMANEK Bogusław: Eksperyment w najnowszych badaniach słowotwórczych

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WARAKOMSKI Jerzy: A Typology of Graffiti (Part 1)

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ŻUROWSKA-ŚWIECA Anna: Die Ebene der Valenz

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Foreign language teaching

CIENIAWA Walentyna: Niekotorije osobiennosti jazyka fiziki

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DZIEŁANOWSKA Danuta: The Silent Way – niezwykła metoda nauczania języków obcych

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KOZŁOWSKI Aleksander: Lyrik im Fremdsprachenunterricht

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MAREK Bogusław: Towards a Better English Pronunciation

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PIERZCHALSKA Elżbieta: Some Issues in the Testing of Reading Comprehension

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RYCYK Halina: O niektórych przyczynach niepowodzeń w nauczaniu języka rosyjskiego

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WAWRZYCZEK Irmina: National Stereotypes in Elizabethan England. An Attempt at Presenting the Premises of Their Formation

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Reviews and interviews

Reviews

KOŁTUNOWSKI Piotr: Michał Cieśla, Lech Kolago, Ewa Łomnicka: Zur Kulturkunde der Länder des deutschen Sprachraumes, PWN, Warszawa, 1982.

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SADOWNIK Barbara: Aleksej A. Leont’ev: Psycholinguistik und Sprachunterricht. Kohlhammerverlag, Stuttgart, 1974.

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STACHOWICZ Grażyna Urszula: Käte Lorenz, Werner G. Mayer: Say it in English, Ernst Klett Verlag, Stuttgart, 1972.

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List of reviewers

Issue 10, 1981

Articles

Literature

BORSUKIEWICZ Jan: Problem literaturnych naprawlenij i chudożestwiennych mietodow w kritikie W. G. Bielinskogo (K postanowkie woprosa)

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CHOROŚCIAN Zdzisław: Anmerkungen zur österreichischen Literatur der siebziger Jahre

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GOLEC Izabela: Die Adelsgestalten in den Dramen die „Soldaten” und der „Hofmeister” von

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J. M. R. Lenz – Versuch einer Analyse

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JEMELIANIUK Anna: Żanrowaja transformacija nadgrobnoj elegii W. A. Żukowskiego

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KĘDZIERSKA Aleksandra: „Idea” natury w wojennej twórczości Wilfreda Owena

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KOWALOWA Bożena: Prozaik i dramaturg Peter Weiss

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LYRA Franciszek: Louisa May Alcott’s Polish Heroe

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MIKRUT Leszek: Grzegorz Danilewski i Iwan Turgieniew – z dziejów kontaktów literackich

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ORŁOWSKA Alina: Poemat w twórczości M. M. Chieraskowa

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FALICKA Krystyna: Cienie i blaski semiotyki literatury

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ABRAMOWICZ Maciej: Aucasin et Nicolette. Analyse de la composante narrative

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CICHOŃ Maria: Le discours poétique « Les aveugles » de Baudelaire

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GRZESIAK Czesław: Lecture sémiotique de « Malone meurt » de Samuel Beckett

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STRÓŻYŃSKI Tomasz: Guy de Maupassant « En famille » - etude de la structure narrative

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Linguistics

CHOMIUK Ireneusz: Zu einigen Hauptschwierigkeiten beim Gebrauch der deutschen Modalverben

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DAHLET Patrick: Strategies persuasives et enjeux d’un discours publicitaire

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FIGAS Janusz: Regelkreis im sprachlichen Formulierungsprozess

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HLIBOWICKA-WĘGLARZ Barbara: Le champ conceptuel de l’habitation en francais et en espagnol contemporains

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KOŁTUNOWSKI Piotr: Psychologiczna rola języka narodowego socjalizmu w propagandzie hitlerowskiej na podstawie “Krakauer Zeitung”

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MUSZYŃSKI Zbysław: Kompetencja a wykonanie

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NOWICKA Irena: Zur formalen Kennzeichnung des Genus im Deutschen

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OLSZEWSKA Teresa: Marked thematic fronting of simple sentence constituents in English and Polish

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PIERZCHALSKA Elżbieta: An Interpretative Theory of Ellipsis versus Deletion Rules

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WARAKOMSKI Jerzy: Pragmatic Interpretation of Verbal Jokes – A Study in the Humor of Some Speech Acts

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ROTT-ŻEBROWSKI Teotym: Istorija izobrażenija czisieł i letosczislenija na Rusi i w Polsze

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Foreign language teaching

BRETSCHNEIDER Hildegund: Das Studium an den Universitäten und Hochschulen der DDR

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DAKOWSKA Maria: Comments on the evolution of the relationship between linguistics and language didactics

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FALSKA Maria: Kilka przykładów wykorzystania transferu pozytywnego języka francuskiego w nauczaniu języka hiszpańskiego

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GONET Wiktor: „Legato speech”, or the psychology of teaching phonetic fluency

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NOWIKOWSKA Eliza: O adaptacji tekstów literackich dla celów dydaktycznych

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Reviews and interviews

Reviews

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List of reviewers

Issue 7, 1978

Miscellanea

KOROLCZUK Eugeniusz: Stan kadry oraz zasięg nauczania języków obcych w systemie szkolnym w Województwie Lubelskim w r. szk. 1978/1979

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Articles

Literature

CYMBORSKA-LEBODA Maria: O twórczości Leonida Andriejewa

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DURCZAK Jerzy: Hunter S. Thompson’s variety of the New Non-fiction

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DURCZAK Joanna: Ecological Perspective in the Writings of Cary Snyder

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GĄSIOROWSKI Leon: Lwa Tołstoja droga do ludu

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KAUFMANN Ulrich: Epische Selbstdarstellung im Werk Oskar Maria Grafs „Wir sind Gefangene” (1927) – „Das Leben meiner Mutter” (1940) – „Gelächter von aussen” (1966)

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KAZUBEK Henryka: Deutsche Autoren im Kampf um die Verteidigung der spanischen Republik

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KOWALCZYK Witold: Wissarion Bieliński i Mikołaj Karamzin

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KOWALOWA Bożena: Postępowe tendencje w literaturze niemieckiej w XIII-XIX w.

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KUTNIK Jerzy: Innovative American fiction

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LUDOROWSKA Halina: Warum ein Tagebuch?

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MIZIŃSKI Jan: Erich Maria Remarque als Dichter der verlorenen Generation

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NOBIS Małgorzata: Sztuka w twórczości K. Paustowskiego

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ORŁOWSKI Jan: Motywy folklorystyczne w balladach Aleksego Tołstoja

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PRZECHODZKI Eligiusz: „Eugeniusz Oniegin” w dziewiętnastowiecznych polskich przekładach i krytyce literackiej

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SACZKO Zofia: Filozoficzny podtekst konfliktów w „Braciach Karamazow” F. M. Dostojewskiego

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SAWECKA Halina: Baudelaire relu par Butor

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TROCHIMIAK Jan: Z dziejów polsko-rosyjskich związków literackich. Mikołaj Czernyszewski i Zygmunt Sierakowski

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Linguistics

BORACZUK Danuta: Procies partikulaciji licznych miestoimienij w sowriemiennom russkom i polskom jakyzach

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BURDZANOWSKA Izabella M.: On Directives in Polish and English

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KRYSZCZUK Grażyna: Czy istnieje język nauki i techniki

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OLSZEWSKA Teresa: Some Observations on the Syntax and Semantics of Denominal Verbs in English and Polish

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ŻUROWSKA-ŚWIECA Anna: Einige Bemerkungen zum Valenzbegriff

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Foreign language teaching

BIEŃKOWSKA Hanna: On teaching communicative effectiveness in English

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CHODKIEWICZ Halina: The Significance of the Controversy between the Two Current Methods for Foreign Language Teaching Methodology

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DAKOWSKA Maria: O potrzebie rozwijania naukowej dydaktyki języków obcych

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FIGAS Janusz: Psycholingwistyka stosowana z zagadnienia tekstu w nauczaniu języków obcych

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KICZOROWSKI Ryszard: Les jonctifs de phrases en francais d’après la méthode le Lucien Tesnière présentés sur les exemples tirés de l’oeuvre de Jean Giono

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NOWICKA Irena: O pozycji orzeczenia i innych części zdania w języku niemieckim

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RYWACKI Jerzy: Zalety i wady podręcznika L. G. Alexandra „First Things First” wykorzystywanego na kursach dla dorosłych prowadzonych w pionie pozaszkolnym (zarys problemu)

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SZALA Alina, HOROSZKIEWICZ Eleonora: Zaniedbany aspekt kształcenia neofilologów

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WOLIŃSKI Sławomir: Program dziesięcioletniej szkoły średniej w zakresie języków zachodnioeuropejskich

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Reviews and interviews

Reviews

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List of reviewers

Issue 4, 1975

Articles

Literature

IWINSKIJ Pawel: Żarnowoje swojeobrazije eposa Szolochowa

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DURCZAK Jerzy: The Concept of the Narrator in Wife to Mr Milton and Count Belisarius by Robert Graves

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BLAIM Artur: Approaches to Utopia

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MIZIŃSKI Jan: Der deutsche Kriegsroman nach 1918

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GAY Christopher W.: Three Contemporary American Women Writers

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JURCZYŃSKI Tomasz: Ivy Compton-Burnett – The state of the research

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KOWALOWA Bożena: Historyk współczesności – Hermann Kant (w pięćdziesiątą rocznicę urodzin pisarza)

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TROCHIMIAK Jan: Iwan Turgieniew w polskiej opinii literackiej

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Linguistics

BYKOWA L.A.: O sootnoszenii znaczenij motiwirujuszciego-motiwirowannogo i jawlienij slowoobrazowatielnoj frazeologizacyi

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SMOTER Barbara: Rol prefiksa w processie perfektiwacyi glagolow

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KRAWCZYK Barbara: Glagolnyje frazeologizmy w russkom jazykie i ich sootwietwstwija w polskom

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NOWICKA Irena: Zur Pluralbildung im Deutschen

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ŻMUDZKI Jerzy: Ein Beitrag zur Analyse der Gegendsprache

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SĘKOWSKI Marek: Zmiany semantyczne w wyrazach zapożyczonych i ich niektóre implikacje metodyczne dla dydaktyki

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BUCZYŃSKI Mieczysław: Transkrypcja wyrazów rosyjskich w języku polskim. Teoria i praktyka

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Foreign language teaching

ROZBICKI Michał: Ruch na rzecz reformy szkolnictwa angielskiego w okresie rewolucji 1640-1660

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WAGNER Edith: Zu einigen Schwierigkeiten und Fehlern beim Erlernen der deutschen Sprache im Germanistikstudium

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HOFFMAN Ewa: Intensywne nauczanie języka obcego w warunkach stacjonarnych

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DAKOWSKA Maria: Sytuacyjny układ materiału w nauczaniu języków obcych

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KOŁTUNOWSKI Piotr: Niektóre praktyczne cele nauki o kulturze

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KACZYŃSKI Mieczysław: O trudnościach w wyrobieniu kinestezji artykulacyjnej i ich konsekwencji

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MACIEJEWSKI Zbigniew: Problem efektywności ćwiczeń praktycznych z historii literatury

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CHODKIEWICZ Halina: Teaching Reading at the Advanced Level

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CORMICK James: Question and answer programs

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TROCHIMIAK Jan: Indywidualny tok studiów z języka rosyjskiego (niektóre uwagi i spostrzeżenia)

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DAKOWSKI Andrzej: Intensywny kurs laboratoryjny języka angielskiego prowadzony w Klubie MPiK w Lublinie w roku szkolnym 1974-1975

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BLAIM Artur, DURCZAK Jerzy, JURCZYŃSKI Tomasz: Uwagi o nauczaniu idiomów angielskich

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Reviews and reports

RYCYK Halina: Film i nowoczesne środki dydaktyczne w procesie nauczania w szkole wyższej

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FAL Wanda: Bengt Sigurd, Struktura języka, PWN Warszawa, 1975.

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